Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Pyrrhura eisenmanni is known only from Cerro Hoya National Park in Veraguas and Los Santos provinces, southern Panama. The global range is considered to be less than 700 km2, but within this the species has been characterised as locally common up to 1,660 m (Juniper and Parr 1998, Forshaw 2006, 2010, Montañez and Angehr 2007). However the population has been estimated to number fewer than 2,000 individuals (World Parrot Trust 2014), and is regarded as threatened at the national level (Montañez and Angehr 2007).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The species occurs in hilly areas in the mid and upper storeys of humid forest (Forshaw 2006, Angehr & Dean 2010), and it has been observed at forest margins and occasionally in partly cleared areas (Forshaw 2006).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
C2a(ii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
BirdLife International

Reviewer/s
Butchart, S.

Contributor/s
Salaman, P.

Justification
This newly-split parakeet has a restricted range in Panama, where the remaining population is thought to be very small and confined to a single subpopulation which is inferred to be undergoing a continuing decline owing to habitat loss and degradation. The species has therefore been classified as Endangered.
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Population

Population
The species is purportedly estimated to number fewer than 2,000 individuals (World Parrot Trust 2014), and a preliminary estimate places the population in the band 1,000-2,499 mature individuals.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Concern has been expressed that this taxon’s conservation status is deteriorating (Juniper and Parr 1998), and it is said to be suffering from on-going deforestation (Forshaw 2006), although Cerro Hoyo National Park appears largely intact. It is uncertain whether there is any risk to the species from capture for trade.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Conservation and research actions underway
Occurs within the Cerro Hoya National Park.

Conservation and research actions proposed
Carry out surveys to produce a population estimate. Determine its precise ecological requirements and its ability to persist in degraded and fragmented habitats. Evaluate extent of threat from habitat loss and whether any capture for the bird trade. Ensure the effective protection of existing protected areas in which it occurs.
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