Catopuma badia is endemic to the island of Borneo. (Nowak, 1991)
Biogeographic Regions: oriental (Native )
Other Geographic Terms: island endemic
Historically it probably occurred islandwide (Meijaard 1997, Azlan and Sanderson 2007). However, there are still no confirmed records from Brunei (J. Sanderson pers. comm. 2008). Meijard's (1997) records went up to 500 m elevation, and it may range up to 800 m (Giman and Boeadi, Indonesia mammal assessment, 2006) or higher - there is an unconfirmed record from 1,800 m on Mt. Kinabulu (Payne et al. 1985).
The map shows range within forest cover (European Commission, Joint Research Centre, 2003) to reflect patchiness caused by deforestation upon recommendation of the assessors (IUCN Cats Red List workshop 2007).
Catopuma badia occurs in two different colors, chestnust red, which is more common, and gray. Catopuma badia has dark colored, rounded ears, and a whitish stripe that runs down the ventral side of the body. Catopuma badia weighs between three and five kilograms, and is between 530 and 700 mm in length. (Sunquist et al. 1994)
Range mass: 3 to 5 kg.
Range length: 530 to 700 mm.
Other Physical Features: endothermic ; bilateral symmetry
Habitat and Ecology
The foods of this species include small rodents and birds, carrion, and even monkeys. While this cat is very small and rare, Catopuma badia can be extremely vicious, and it attack animals much bigger than itself. (Postanowicz, 2001)
Animal Foods: birds; mammals; carrion
Primary Diet: carnivore (Eats terrestrial vertebrates)
Life History and Behavior
Perception Channels: tactile ; chemical
Key Reproductive Features: gonochoric/gonochoristic/dioecious (sexes separate); sexual
Parental Investment: altricial
CITES: appendix i
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: endangered
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The Borneo Bay Cat appears to occur at low densities relative to other sympatric small felids, based on the paucity of both historical and recent records (Nowell and Jackson 1996, Meijaard 1997, Sunquist and Sunquist 2002, Dinets 2003, Azlan et al. 2003, Hearn and Bricknell 2003, Meijaard et al. 2005, Yasuda et al. 2007). The effective population size is suspected to be below 2,500 mature individuals (IUCN Cats Red List Workshop 2007).
- 1994Insufficiently Known(Groombridge 1994)
- 1990Rare(IUCN 1990)
- 1988Rare(IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
- 1986Rare(IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
Sabah: Danum Valley Conservation Area (Nowell and Jackson 1996)
Sarawak - Gunung Mulu National Park (Dinets 2003), Lanjak-Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary (Azlan et al. 2003)
Kalimantan: Gunung Palung National Park, Bentuang Karimum National Park (Meijaard 1997), Sungai Wain Protection Forest (Yasuda et al. 2007)
To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!