Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Endemic to West Africa, occurring from Gambia and Senegal west and south through Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, and Nigeria (Van Rompaey and Sillero-Zubiri in press). A record from Cameroon (Jeannin 1936), presumably results from confusion with Banded Mongoose (Van Rompaey and Sillero-Zubiri in press). The Niger R. presumably forms the eastern limit.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
An inhabitant of Guinea woodland (Van Rompaey and Sillero-Zubiri in press). In Gambia, this species is associated with denser coastal woodland (Grubb et al. 1998) and dry parts of dense, partly swampy riverine forest (T. Wacher, in Van Rompaey and Sillero-Zubiri in press). Insectivorous.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Van Rompaey, H., Sillero-Zubiri, C. & Hoffmann, M.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) and Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern as the species is apparently widespread, locally common, there are no major threats, and it is present in several protected areas.

History
  • 1996
    Data Deficient
  • 1994
    Insufficiently Known
    (Groombridge 1994)
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Population

Population
This species has been considered the most abundant carnivore in the Guinea savanna (Booth 1960). In Senegal, the day-time frequency of observations along roads was 0.08/100 km (Sillero-Zubiri and Marino 1997).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats, although they are sometimes recorded sold as bushmeat (e.g., Ziegler et al. 2002).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is present in several protected areas, such as the National Park of Upper Niger in Guinea and Niokola-Koba National Park in Senegal.
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Wikipedia

Gambian mongoose

The Gambian mongoose is widely distributed in the moist savannahs of north-western Africa, from Gambia to Nigeria.

Contents

Appearance

The Gambian mongoose is generally a brownish-grey color. They have a dark streak of fur on the sides of its light-colored neck. The short, tapered tail is not bushy. They have five toes on each foot, which is bare from the sole to the wrist and heel. Their faces are short, and have only two molars on each jaw. There is no noticeable sexual dimorphism. Females have six mammae.

Diet

The Gambian mongoose is an opportunistic feeder, eating a wide variety of foods. They are primarily insectivorous, eating mostly beetles and millipedes. They will also eat small rodents and reptiles, and sometimes eggs.

Behavior

The Gambian mongoose is diurnal, gregarious and terrestrial. They live in groups of 10-20 individuals, but groups have been known to number over 40. The groups consist of adults of both sexes, who forage together. Encounters between animals of different groups are often noisy, with a lot of fighting between the neighbors. This mongoose is very vocal, communicating with a variety of sounds. A call that sounds like a bird twitter is used to keep the group together while foraging. A louder, higher pitched twitter is used to indicate danger.

Reproduction

Breeding occurs at any time of the year, with more young born during the rainy season. All the females in the group reproduce at around the same time. Groups can breed up to four times a year, but individually the females do not breed as frequently. Mating occurs 1–2 weeks after the young are born. Mongooses often breed with others of another group, but most stay within the group. While the mother forages for food, two males stand guard at the den's entrance. This mongoose practices communal suckling; cubs suckle from any lactating female. The young are weaned at about one month old, and at this time they join the group in foraging.

References

  1. ^ Van Rompaey, H., Sillero-Zubiri, C. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). Mungos gambianus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern


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