The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (January, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Nowak, R.M. (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, Maryland.
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-05/01
  • 3. CITES (January, 2009) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 4. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 5. Souris, A.C. (2009) Pers. Comm.
  • 6. Feh, C., Shah, N., Rowen, M., Reading, R. and Goyal, S.P. (2002) Status and Action Plan for the Asiatic Wild Ass (Equus hemionus). In: Moehlman, P.D. Ed. Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SCC Equid Specialist Group, IUCN (The World Conservation Union), Gland Switzerland and Cambridge. Available at http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/equid/docs/part2chapter5.pdfhttp://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/equid/docs/part2chapter5.pdf External link.
  • 7. IUCN/ AAC Equid Specialist Group (March, 2004) http://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/equid/ASWAss.htmlhttp://www.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/equid/ASWAss.html External link.
  • Asa, C. S. 2002. Equid Reproductive Biology. Pages 113-117 in P. D. Moehlman, editor. Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Bahloul, K., O. B. Pereladova, N. Soldatova, G. Fisenko, E. Sidorenko, and A. J. Sempere. 2001. Social organization and dispersion of introduced kulans (Equus hemionus kulan) and Przewalski horses (Equus przewalski) in the Bukhara Re.
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Corbet, G. B., and J. E. Hill. 1992. The Mammals of the Indomalayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Feh, C., B. Munkhtuya, S. Enkhbold, and T. Sukhbaatar. 2001. Ecology and social structure of the Gobi khulan Equus hemionus subsp. in the Gobi B National Park, Mongolia. Biological Conservation 101:51-61.
  • Feh, C., S. Munkhtuya, S. Enkhbold, T. Sukhbaatar. September 2001. Ecology and social structure of the Gobi khulan, Equus hemionus, subsp. in the Gobi B National Park, Mongolia. Biological Conservation, 101 (1): 51-61.
  • Glenn, C. 7/99. "Earth's Endangered Creatures" (On-line). Accessed October 17, 2001 at http://www.geocities.com/endangeredsp2/MEastM6.html.
  • Groves, C. P. 2002. Taxonomy of Living Equidae. Pages 94-107 in P. D. Moehlman, editor. Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. ix + 317
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Li, C., Z. Jiang, J. Zhou, and Y. Zeng. 2002. Distribution, numbers and conservation of Mongolian wild ass (Equus hemionus hemionus) in west Inner Mongolia. Acta Theriologica Sinica 22:1-6.
  • Moehlman, P.D., Shah, N. & Feh, C. 2008. Equus hemionus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. . Downloaded on 11 February 2014.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Reading, R. P., H. Mix, B. Lhagvasuren, and E. S. Blumer. 1999. Status of wild Bactrian camels and other large ungulates in south-western Mongolia. Oryx 33:247-255.
  • Reading, R., H. Mix, B. Lhagvasuren, C. Feh, D. Kane. July 2001. Status and distribution of khulan (Equus hemionus) in Mongolia. Journal of Zoology, 254 (3): 381-389.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1974. Taking, Possession, Transportation, Sale, Purchase, Barter, Exportation, and Importation of Wildlife. Federal Register, vol. 39, no. 3. 1158-1185
  • WANG Sung, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA, 1998.
  • Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, 8 Jan 2014. Onager. Retrieved Jan 29 2014 from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Onager&oldid=589837664.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2000
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • 汪松, 中国濒危动物红皮书·兽类,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-417.

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