The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Berger, J. 1994. Science, Conservation, and Black Rhinos. Journal of Mammalogy, 75(2): 298-308.
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  • Conway, A. J., and P. S. Goodman. 1989. Population Characteristics and Management of Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis minor and White Rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum simum in Ndumu-Game-Reserve, South-Africa. Biological Conservation 47:109-122.
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  • Dollinger, P., S. Geser. 2008. "Black Rhinoceros" (On-line). World Association of Zoos and Aquariums - Virtual Zoo. Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.waza.org/virtualzoo/factsheet.php?id=118-003-003-001&view=Rhinos&main=virtualzoo.
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  • Garnier, J., M. Bruford, B. Goossens. 2001. Mating system and reproductive skew in the black rhinoceros. Molecular Ecology, 10: 2031-2041.
  • Garnier, J., W. Holt, P. Watson. 2002. Non-invasive assessment of oestrous cycles and evaluation of reproductive seasonality in the female wild black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis minor). Reproduction, 123: 877-889.
  • Groves, Colin, and Peter Grubb. 2011. Ungulate Taxonomy. ix + 317
  • Grzimek, B. 2005. "Black Rhinoceros" (On-line). Answers.com. Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.answers.com/topic/black-rhinoceros-1.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Hillman Smith, A. K. K., and C. P. Groves. 1994. Diceros bicornis. Mammalian Species 455:1-8.
  • Hillman-Smith, A. K. Kes, and Colin P. Groves. 1994. Diceros bicornis. Mammalian Species, no. 455. 1-8
  • Hillman-Smith, A., C. Groves. 1994. Diceros bicornis. Mammalian Species, 455: 1-8.
  • IUCN Species Survival Commission, 2008. "IUCN 2008 Red List" (On-line). Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • Kiwia, H. D. 1989. Black Rhinoceros Diceros bicornis L. Population Size and Structure in Ngorogoro Crater Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 27:1-6.
  • Kiwia, H. Y. D. 1989. Ranging Patterns of the Black Rhinoceros Diceros-Bicornis L. In Ngorongoro Crater Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 27:305-312.
  • Lang, E. 1983. "Diceros bicornis" (On-line pdf). CITES. Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.cites.org/eng/resources/ID/fauna/Volume1/A-118.003.003.001%20Diceros%20bicornis_E.pdf.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Martin, R. B. 1991. Rhino Population Dynamics, Illegal Hunting and Law Enforcement In the Lower Zambezi Valley in Zimbabwe. In O. A. Ryder, editor. Rhinoceros Biology and Conservation. Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Massicot, P. 2006. "Black Rhinoceros" (On-line). Animal Info. Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.animalinfo.org/species/artiperi/dicebico.htm#Weight.
  • Morgan, S., R. Mackey, R. Slotow. 2009. A priori valuation of land use for the conservation of black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Biological Conservation, 142: 384-393.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Price, M., and S. R. 1991. What Will It Take to Save the Rhino? Pages 48-68 in O. A. Ryder, editor. Rhinoceros Biology and Conservation. Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Roth, H. H. 1964. Note on the early growth development of Hystrix africae australis. Zeitschrift fur Saugetierkunde 28:313-316.
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  • Spala, P. 1991. Preliminary Determination of Nutritional Requirements of the Pregnant Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Pages 277-281 in O. A. Ryder, editor. Rhinoceros Biology and Conservation. Zoological Society of San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.
  • U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1980. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Endangered Status for the Black Rhinoceros. Federal Register, vol. 45, no. 136. 47352-47355
  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. "Endangered Species Program" (On-line). Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://www.fws.gov/endangered/.
  • Walpole, M. J., D. M. Morgan, S. Milledge, P. Bett, and W. N. Leader. 2001. Population dynamics and future conservation of a free-ranging black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) population in Kenya. Biological Conservation 99:237-243.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2000
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • World Wildlife Fund, 2004. "WWF Factsheet: Black Rhinoceros - Diceros bicornis" (On-line pdf). Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://assets.panda.org/downloads/ecop13blackrhinofactsheet.pdf.
  • Yin, U. T. 1967. Wild Animals of Burma, U Khin Pe Gyi, Rangoon.
  • Zschokke, S., and B. Baur. 2002. Inbreeding, outbreeding, infant growth, and size dimorphism in captive Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). Canadian Journal of Zoology 80:2014-2023.

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