Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Mandrillus sphinx Preferred
Mandrillus sphinx (Linnaeus, 1758) Authority
Papio sphinx Synonym

Paleobiology Database

Name Relationship
Mandrillus sphinx (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Simia mormon Alströmer 1766
Simia maimon Linnaeus 1766

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Mandrillus sphinx (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred
Maimon burlacei Rothschild, 1922 Junior synonym
Mandrillus escherichi Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917
Mandrillus hagenbecki Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917
Mandrillus insularis Zukowsky, 1922
Simia latidens Bechstein, 1799
Simia madarogaster Zimmermann, 1780
Simia maimon (Linnaeus, 1766)
Simia mormon Alströmer 1766
Simia pennanti Griffith, 1827
Papio planirostris Elliot, 1909
Mandrillus schreberi Matschie, 1917
Simia suilla Kerr, 1792
Mandrillus tessmanni Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917
Mandrillus zenkeri Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917
Mandrillus zenkeri ebolowae Matschie and Zukowsky, 1917

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