Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 287,896.72 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude median
Additional detail 11.17 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 13.65 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
min Additional detail 8.69 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude median
Additional detail -0.76 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
min Additional detail -6.01 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 4.49 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Body length (VT)
Additional detail 29.0 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 31.0 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 35.0 cm juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
average Additional detail 75.89 cm adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 16.69 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 3.0 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 612.89 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
Tail length
Additional detail 3.8 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.5 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.5 cm juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Weight
Additional detail 1.41 kg juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 23.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 437.5 g male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.76 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.06 kg adolescent, female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 613 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 3.18 kg male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 888.5 g female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 4.08 kg adult, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
  • Outer ear length
    External ear (pinna) length is a standard measurement in mammalogy, usually measured in a living mammal or a fresh mammal carcass. External ear length is measured from the base of the notch at the bottom of the ear to the apex (highest point) of the ear.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/OuterEarLength
Outer ear length
Additional detail 3.2 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.3 cm juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 3.4 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Hind tarsus length
Additional detail 12.0 cm juvenile, male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 8.9 cm male National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail 9.5 cm female National Museum of Natural History Collections  

Ecology

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Habitat
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Habitat
Additional detail biome
  • Biome
    A major class of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and other organisms. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and other factors like climate. Unlike ecozones, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are often identified with particular patterns of ecological succession and climax vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000428
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cultivated habitat
  • Cultivated habitat
    A geographical feature modified by humans by the preparation of the land, usually for the purposes of growing crops.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000113
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail farm
  • Farm
    A tract of crop or grazing land, as well as the group of buildings with and often surrounding a farmhouse, including barns, sheds, and other outbuildings, used for agricultural production.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000078
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plantation
  • Plantation
    An intentional planting of a crop, on a large scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. The term is currently most often used for plantings of trees and shrubs. The term tends also to be used for plantings maintained on economic bases other than that of subsistence farming.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000117
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subtropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tropical Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 161.18 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Trophic level
Additional detail Omnivore
  • Omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
Habitat breadth
Additional detail 2 PanTHERIA  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 24.38 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,259 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,505.11 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
Diet breadth
Additional detail 4 PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 26.34 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail 1 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 1.02 individuals PanTHERIA  
Behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail diurnal PanTHERIA  
Age at first birth average
Additional detail 4.0 years female PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 173.99 days PanTHERIA  
Inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 1.43 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 1.46 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Litters per year
Additional detail 0.8 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
median Additional detail 0.91 PanTHERIA  
Total life span max
Additional detail 40 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 46.33 years PanTHERIA  
Population group size average
Additional detail 30 individuals PanTHERIA  
  • Social group size
    Number of individuals in a group that spends the majority of their time in a 24 hour cycle together where there is some indication that these individuals form a social cohesive unit.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SocialGroupSize
Social group size average
Additional detail 13.9 individuals PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility
Additional detail 3.25 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
average Additional detail 5.81 years PanTHERIA  
Terrestriality
Additional detail above ground dwelling
  • Above ground dwelling
    An organism that spends most of its time above ground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/aboveGroundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 348.01 days PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 354 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • Prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Prenatal development duration
Additional detail 173 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Unknown IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 21.4 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density min
Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
5th percentile Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
mean Additional detail 22.96 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.08 PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Mandrillus sphinx</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail vulnerable
  • Vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable
IUCN  

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