The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Boonstra, R. 1977. Effect of conspecifics on survival during population declines in Microtus townsendii. Journal of Animal Ecology 46:835-851.
  • Boonstra, R., B. S. Gilbert, and C. J. Krebs. 1993. Mating Systems and Sexual Dimorphism in Mass in Microtines. Journal of Mammalogy 74:224-229.
  • Cornely, J. E., and B. J. Verts. 1988. Microtus townsendii. Mammalian Species 325:1-9.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Heske, E. J., and R. S. Ostfeld. 1990. Sexual Dimorphism in Size, Relative Size of Testes, and Mating Systems in North-American Voles. Journal of Mammalogy 71:510-519.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • Macfarlane, J. D., and J. M. Taylor. 1982. Pregnancy and Reproductive-Performance in the Townsends Vole, Microtus townsendii (Bachman). Journal of Mammalogy 63:165-168.
  • Original description: Bachman, J., 1839.  Description of several new species of American quadrupeds, p. 60.  Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, Part 1, 8:57-74.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Yoshinaga, Y., T. Okayama, W. Ohno, and S. Shiraishi. 1997. Growth, development, and reproductive patterns in the Japanese field vole, Microtus montebelli. Journal of Mammalogy 78:830-838.

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