Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Microtus californicus.

Distribution

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Geographic range (area)
Additional detail 307,995.54 km^2 PanTHERIA  
  • Longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Longitude max
Additional detail -115 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail -120 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
min Additional detail -124 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
Latitude min
Additional detail 29.69 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
median Additional detail 37.02 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  
max Additional detail 44.34 decimal degrees PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Body length (VT) average
Additional detail 13.88 cm adult PanTHERIA  
Body mass average
Additional detail 18.89 g weanling PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 3.28 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 57.42 g adult PanTHERIA  

Ecology

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Habitat
Additional detail animal habitation
  • Animal habitation
    The dwelling of an animal or group of similar animals.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00005803
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail chaparral
  • Chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • Coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coastal wetland
  • Coastal wetland
    A wetland associated with the part of the land adjoining or near a sea or ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000230
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cut
  • Cut
    An excavation of the Earth's surface to provide passage for a road, railway, canal, etc.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000474
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail desert
  • Desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail dune Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail grassland
  • Grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • Lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • Marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • Meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • Meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail mountain
  • Mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail nesting material
  • Nesting material
    Nesting material is an animal habitation consisting of matierals used to cushion, insulate and protect the young of the organism. The adult will use the material to form a protective structure to house and raise their young. Nests are built primarily by birds, but also by mammals, fish, insects and reptiles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_02000004
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail oak woodland
  • Oak woodland
    An oak woodland is a woodland which has a tree community primarily composed of oak trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000239
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • Plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail prairie
  • Prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • River
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • Savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail scrubland
  • Scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail steppe
  • Steppe
    A plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said to be normal in the steppe. It may be semi-desert, or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000262
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail subterrestrial habitat
  • Subterrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is below the surface of the earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000572
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail temperate Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • Terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • Terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tundra
  • Tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail 43.86 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Coyote GloBI  
Additional detail Dermacentor GloBI  
Additional detail Ermine GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Herons GloBI  
Additional detail Hoplopleura GloBI  
Additional detail Ixodes GloBI  
Additional detail Long-tailed Weasel GloBI  
Additional detail Polyplax GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Weasels GloBI  
Additional detail White-tailed Kite GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
Temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail 11.1 degrees Celsius PanTHERIA  
  • Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 343.33 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
Additional detail 1,058.14 millimeters per month PanTHERIA  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Owl GloBI  
Additional detail California Vole GloBI  
Additional detail California Vole GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Coyote GloBI  
Additional detail Ermine GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Long-tailed Weasel GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Snake GloBI  
Additional detail White-tailed Kite GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail American Kestrel GloBI  
Additional detail Barn Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Common Gray Fox GloBI  
Additional detail Coyote GloBI  
Additional detail Ermine GloBI  
Additional detail Great Horned Owl GloBI  
Additional detail Harrier GloBI  
Additional detail Herons GloBI  
Additional detail Long-tailed Weasel GloBI  
Additional detail Red-tailed Hawk GloBI  
Additional detail Snake GloBI  
Additional detail White-tailed Kite GloBI  
Additional detail Wildcat GloBI  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Home range average
Additional detail 6.26e-05 km^2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 6.67e-05 km^2 PanTHERIA  
Clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail 4.41 individuals PanTHERIA  
Gestation period duration average
Additional detail 21.18 days PanTHERIA  
Litters per year average
Additional detail 5 female PanTHERIA  
Age at eye opening average
Additional detail 10 days PanTHERIA  
Onset of fertility average
Additional detail 23.81 days PanTHERIA  
Weaning age average
Additional detail 17.36 days PanTHERIA  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
First Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 1.8 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
First Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.3 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Older Bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
Last Appearance (Younger Bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Metabolic rate average
Additional detail 68.2 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  

Conservation

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  
Animal population density average
Additional detail 13,127.21 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density 5th percentile
Additional detail 1 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
mean Additional detail 103.74 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
Human population density change mean
Additional detail 0.08 PanTHERIA  
Extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Microtus californicus</i>
Conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • Least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  

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