The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Dahdouh-Guebas, F. (2015). Acanthus ilicifolius Linnaeus, 1753. In: Dahdouh-Guebas F. (Ed.) (2015). World Mangroves database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • L. 1753. Sp. Pl., 2: 639
  • Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species plantarum, exhibentes plantas rite cognitas ad genera relatas cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. Stockholm.
  • Ma K., Ji L., Qin H., Liu J.Y., Yao Y., Lin C., Yan H., Wang L., Qiao H. & Li R. (eds) (2015). Catalogue of Life China (version 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!