Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Three species of Acanthus were recorded in the mangroves of South China, including Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl, Acanthus ebracteatus var. xiamenensis (R.T.Zhang) C.Y.Wu & C.C.Hu (Deng et al. 2006.) and Acanthus ilicifolius L. However, Acanthus ebracteatus var. xiamenensis has been combined with Acanthus ilicifolius in 2008 (Hou and Lu 2008). Only Acanthus ilicifolius is recorded in the Pearl River Region."
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Brief

"Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Juffe Bignoli, D. Reviewer/s: Narasimhan, D., Gunaga, S., Kumar, V.S. & Juffe Bignoli, D. Justification: This aquatic plant is locally common in the river banks or tidal canal sides or low swampy areas of mangrove forests from South India and Sri Lanka to Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia, but scarce in Malaysia. It faces no major threats although the global population trend is not known. It is listed as Least Concern. Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are in place. The plant is not considered to be in risk of extinction (Yu et al. 1998). List of Conservation Actions: 1, 1.2, 4, 4.3"
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Miscellaneous Details

Notes: Mangroves
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Distribution

Range Description

Widespread from South India and Sri Lanka to Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia, but scarce in Malaysia. Common in the mangroves of south China (i.e. Pearl River Delta, China).
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"Karnataka: N. Kanara, S. Kanara Tamil Nadu: Chennai, Cuddalore, Thanjavur, Tiruchchirappalli, Viluppuram"
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"Range Description: Widespread from South India and Sri Lanka to Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia, but scarce in Malaysia. Common in the mangroves of south China (i.e. Pearl River Delta, China). Countries - Native: Australia; Bangladesh; Cambodia; China; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Macao; Malaysia; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Singapore; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Timor-Leste; Viet Nam"
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Shrub
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It commonly grows on the river banks or tidal canal sides or low swampy areas in the mangrove forests and its vicinity.

Systems
  • Freshwater
  • Marine
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General Habitat

"Habitat and Ecology: It commonly grows on the river banks or tidal canal sides or low swampy areas in the mangrove forests and its vicinity. Systems: Freshwater; Marine List of Habitats: 1, 1.7, 12, 12.4"
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Juffe Bignoli, D.

Reviewer/s
Narasimhan, D., Gunaga, S., Kumar, V.S. & Juffe Bignoli, D.

Contributor/s

Justification
This aquatic plant is locally common in the river banks or tidal canal sides or low swampy areas of mangrove forests from South India and Sri Lanka to Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia, but scarce in Malaysia. It faces no major threats although the global population trend is not known. It is listed as Least Concern.
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"Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1 Year Assessed: 2010 Assessor/s: Juffe Bignoli, D. Reviewer/s: Narasimhan, D., Gunaga, S., Kumar, V.S. & Juffe Bignoli, D. Justification: This aquatic plant is locally common in the river banks or tidal canal sides or low swampy areas of mangrove forests from South India and Sri Lanka to Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines and northern Australia, but scarce in Malaysia. It faces no major threats although the global population trend is not known. It is listed as Least Concern. Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are in place. The plant is not considered to be in risk of extinction (Yu et al. 1998). List of Conservation Actions: 1, 1.2, 4, 4.3"
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Population

Population
It is widespread in mangrove habitats but no population information is available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Population: It is widespread in mangrove habitats but no population information is available. Population Trend: Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is decreasing with destruction of mangrove habitats but there are no formal studies on species population decline.
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"Major Threat (s): The species is decreasing with destruction of mangrove habitats but there are no formal studies on species population decline. List of Threats: 1, 1.3, 6, 6.1, 6.3, 7, 7.3, 9, 9.2, 9.2.3"
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No conservation measures are in place. The plant is not considered to be in risk of extinction (Yu et al. 1998).
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