IUCN threat status:

Not evaluated

Comprehensive Description

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Description

Prostomium blunt, anteriorly truncate or rounded, anterior margin bifid, with anterior margin indented. Lateral horns absent. Caruncle present, continuing back to chaetiger 2. Occipital antenna absent. Nuchal organ short, at most one segment long. Eyes present; 4 eyes. Palps simple, lacking basal sheath. Dorsal ridge connecting bases of branchiae on chaetiger 1 absent. Prominent dorsal collar on setiger 2 absent. Dorsal branchiae present, first present on chaetiger 2. Dorsal branchiae absent from many median and posterior chaetigers, last present on chaetiger 5. Dorsal branchiae continuous. Dorsal branchiae free and separate from notopodial lamellae throughout, modified on some or all chaetigers, typically pinnate or flabellate. Modified dorsal branchiae with digitiform pinnae. First branchiae without process at base on anterior face. Dorsal branchiae of chaetiger 2 pinnate; 3 simple; 4 simple; 5 pinnate. Dorsal branchiae longest on posterior-most branchial chaetiger. Accessory branchiae arising from posterior part of notopodium absent. Ventral branchiae absent. Chaetiger 3 without filament at base of branchiae. Dorsal crests present; first dorsal crest present on chaetiger 11. Ventral crests absent. Chaetiger 1 notopodium present. Chaetiger 1 notochaetae present. Neuropodial lobe of chaetiger 2 rounded, approximately symmetrical. Neuropodial lobes of posterior chaetigers a single lobe. Interparapodial pouches absent. Chaetigers 2–4 similar, not strongly differentiated. Chaetiger 5 unmodified, similar to subsequent chaetigers. Posterior modified notochaetae absent. Notopodial hooded hooks present, first on chaetiger(s) 40. Neurochaetae of chaetiger 1 simple capillaries similar to those of subsequent chaetigers. Neuropodial hooded hooks present, first present on chaetiger 18. Neuropodial hooded hooks with accessory tooth or teeth above the main fang, multiple accessory teeth (more than 3), secondary tooth closely applied to the main fang, about 45º. Shaft of neuropodial hooded hooks of constant thickness, lacking a constriction. Neuropodial sabre chaetae present, in ventral-most positions, first on chaetiger(s) 12. Neuropodial spines absent. Embedded bunches of notopodial needle chaetae absent.

Description generated from: Wilson, RS & McDiarmid, H 2013. Spionidae (Polychaeta)- A DELTA database of genera, and Australian species. Version 2; originally published as In RS Wilson, PA Hutchings & CJ Glasby (eds) Polychaetes: An Interactive Identification Guide. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.

Additional references:
Hartmann-Schröder, G. 1979. Die Polychaeten der tropischen Nordwestküste Australiens (zwischen Derby im Norden und Port Hedland im Süden) In Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa & Hartmann, G. Zur Kenntnis des Eulitorals der australischen Küsten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden (Teil 2 und Teil 3). Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Institut und Zoologische Museum der Universität Hamburg 76, 75-218.

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© Wilson, Robin

Source: Annelida LifeDesk

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