The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2004. "Llama" (On-line). Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://search.eb.com/article?eu=49780.
  • Anderson, D. 2002. "Environmental Impact Statement" (On-line). The Llama Crossing. Accessed February 07, 2004 at http://www.llamacrossing.com/DrAnderson.shtml.
  • Apparel Search Company. 2003. "Vicuna Research" (On-line). Accessed February 11, 2004 at http://www.apparelsearch.com/education_research_vicuna.htm#THE%20VICU%D1A%92S%20SOCIAL%20BEHAVIOR.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Choque, A. V. B. 1984. The Camelidae of South America. Pages 112-143 in W. R. Cockrill, editor. The Camelid. An all purpose animal. Motala Grafiska AB, Uppsala.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Dias de Avila Pires, F. 2004. "Grolier Online" (On-line). Encyclopedia Americana. Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://go.grolier.com/gol.
  • Eisenberg, J. E., and K. H. Redford. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Groves, C., & Grubb P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Honolulu Zoo, 2004. "Honolulu Zoo" (On-line). Llama. Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://www.honoluluzoo.org/llama.htm.
  • Ingram, G., J. Krowka. 1999. "Problematic behavior in llamas and misdirected territorial aggression" (On-line). lost creek llamas. Accessed February 19, 2004 at http://home.att.net/~lostcreekllamas/mta.html.
  • Kadwell, M., Fernandez M., Stanley H. F., Baldi R., Wheeler J. C., Rosadio R., et al. (2001). Genetic analysis reveals the wild ancestors of the llama and the alpaca. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 268, 2575-2584.
  • Kadwell, M., M. Fernandez, H. Stanley, R. Baldi, J. Wheeler, R. Rosadio, M. Bruford. 2001. Genetic analysis reeals the wild ancestors of the llama and alpaca. Proceedings: Biological Sciences, 268/1485: 2575-2584.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • Lewerenz, D. 2001. Llamas take over for shepherds. Capper's, 123/14: 15.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Marín, J. C., Zapata B., González B. A., Bonacic C., Wheeler J. C., Casey C., et al. (2007). Systematics, taxonomy and domestication of alpaca and llama: new chromosomal and molecular evidence. Revista chilena de historia natural. 80, 121-140.
  • Microsoft Encarta, 2004. "Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2004" (On-line). Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761555939/Llama.html.
  • Microsoft Encarta, 2004. "Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2004" (On-line). Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761560223/Andes.html.
  • Muñoz-Pedreros A & J Yáñez (2000) Mamíferos de Chile. CEA Ediciones, Chile. 463 p.
  • Nowak, R. M. (1991). Guanaco, Llama, and Alpaca. Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th edition. 1353. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Parera, A. 2002. Los mamiferos de la Argentinia y la region austral de Sudamerica. Argentina: A editorial el Ateneo.
  • Reebs, S. 2002. Wooly ancestry. American Museum of Natural History, 111/5: 16.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Smith, B., K. Timm, P. Reed. 1992. Morphometric evaluation of growth in llamas from birth to maturity. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 200/1095-100: 108-163.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Sorin, A. 2002. "Animal Diversity Web" (On-line). Lama guanico (guanaco). Accessed February 19, 2004 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Lama_guanicoe.html.
  • Stamberg, G., D. Wilson. 1997. "Llamapaedia" (On-line). Accessed February 10, 2004 at http://www.llamapaedia.com/uses/guard.html.
  • T., L. 2002. "Llama" (On-line). Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/llama.htm.
  • The Rolling Hills Zoo, 1991. "The Animals at the Rolling Hills Zoo" (On-line). Accessed February 06, 2004 at http://www.rhrwildlife.com/theanimals/l/llama/.
  • Vaughan, T., J. Ryan, N. Czaplewski. 2000. Mammalogy. United States of America: Thomson Learning, Inc..
  • Wheeler, J. C. (1995). Evolution and present situation of the South American Camelidae. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 54, 271-295.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!