The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (September, 2008) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. South American Specialist Camelid Group (May, 2008) http://data.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/gecs/http://data.iucn.org/themes/ssc/sgs/gecs/ External link.
  • 11. CITES. (2000) Proposals for the Amendment of Appendices I and II. Proposal 27. Eleventh Meeting of the Conference of the Parties, Gigiri, Kenya. Available at http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/11/prop/index.shtmlhttp://www.cites.org/eng/cop/11/prop/index.shtml External link.
  • 12. Lichtenstein, G. and Vila, B.M. (2003) Vicuna use by Andean communities: an overview. Mountain Research and Development, 23 (2): 198 - 202.
  • 13. Wheeler, J.C. (2006) Historia natural de la vicuña. In: Vila, B. Ed. Investigación, conservacion y manejo de vicuñas. Proyecto MACS, Universidad Nacional de Lujan.
  • 14. Renaudeau d'Arc, N., Cassini, M. and Vila, B. (2000) Habitat use of vicunas in Laguna Blanca Reserve (Catamarca, Argentina). Journal of Arid Environments, 46: 107 - 115.
  • 15. Cueto, L., Ponce, C., Cardich, E. and Rios, M. (1985) Management of Vicuña: Its Contribution to Rural Development in the High Andes of Peru. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
  • 16. Lichtenstein, G. and Renaudeau d'Arc, N. (2004) Vicuna use by Andean communities, a risk or an opportunity?. Actas del Décimo Congreso Bienal de la Asociación Internacional para el Estudio de la Propiedad Colectiva (IASCP), Oaxaca, México.
  • 17. Laker, J., Baldo, J., Arzamendia, Y. and Yacobaccio, H.D. (2006) La vicuña en los Andes. In: Vila, B. Ed. Investigación, Conservacion y Manejo de Vicuñas. Proyecto MACS, Universidad Nacional de Lujan.
  • 18. Lichtenstein, G. (2006) Manejo de vicuñas en cautiverio: El modelo del CEA INTA Abrapampa. In: Vila, V. Ed. Investigación, Conservacion y Manejo de Vicuñas. Proyecto MACS, Universidad Nacional de Lujan.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Animal Diversity Web (March, 2005) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Vicugna_vicugna.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Vicugna_vicugna.html External link.
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-05/01
  • 3. Yacobaccio, H. (2006) Variables morfometricas de vicunias (Vicugna vicugna) en Cieneguillas, Jujuy. In: Vila, B. Ed. Investigación, Conservacion y Manejo de Vicuñas. Proyecto MACS, Universidad Nacional de Lujan.
  • 4. CITES (September, 2008) http://www.cites.orghttp://www.cites.org External link.
  • 5. CMS (April, 2008) http://www.cms.inthttp://www.cms.int External link.
  • 6. US Fish and Wildlife Service (March, 2005) http://www.fws.govhttp://www.fws.gov External link.
  • 7. McNeill, D. and Lichtenstein, G. (2003) Local conflicts and international compromises: The sustainable use of vicuña in Argentina. Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy, 6: 233 - 253.
  • 8. Kadwell, M., Fernandez, M., Stanley, H.F., Baldi, R., Wheeler, J.C., Rosadio, R. and Bruford, M.W. (2001) Genetic analysis reveals the wild ancestors of the llama and alpaca. Proceedings of the Royal Society London B, 268 (1485): 2575 - 2584.
  • 9. Lichtenstein, G. (April, 2008) Pers. Comm.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Choque, A. V. B. 1984. The Camelidae of South America. Pages 112-143 in W. R. Cockrill, editor. The Camelid. An all purpose animal. Motala Grafiska AB, Uppsala.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • DiRocco, F., Zambelli A., Maté L., & Vidal-Rioja L. (2010). The complete mitochondrial DNA sequence of the guanaco (Lama guanicoe): comparative analysis with the vicun˜a (Vicugna vicugna) genome. Genetica. 138, 813-818.
  • Eisenberg, J. E., and K. H. Redford. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Emanoil, M. 1994. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Grizmek, 1990. Grizmek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. Volume V. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company
  • Groves, C., & Grubb P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kadwell, M., Fernandez M., Stanley H. F., Baldi R., Wheeler J. C., Rosadio R., et al. (2001). Genetic analysis reveals the wild ancestors of the llama and the alpaca. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 268, 2575-2584.
  • MacDonald, 1984. Encyclopedia of Mammals. Facts on File Publications, NY.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Muñoz-Pedreros A & J Yáñez (2000) Mamíferos de Chile. CEA Ediciones, Chile. 463 p.
  • Nowak, R.M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. Fifth Edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Sarno, R. J., L. Villalba, C. Bonacic, B. Gonzalez, B. Zapata, D. W. Mac Donald, S. J. O'Brien, and W. E. Johnson. 2004. Phylogeography and subspecies assessment of vicunas in Chile and Bolivia utilizing mtDNA and microsatellite markers: implications for vicuna conservation and management. Conservation Genetics 5(1):89-102.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Torres, Hermán. 1992. Camélidos Silvestres Sudamericanos: Un Plan de Acción para su Conservación International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. Gland, Suiza. 58 páginas. ( ISBN: 2-8317-0058-2 )
  • U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reclassification of Certain Vicunña Populations From Endangered to Threatened With a Special Rule. Federal Register, vol. 67, no. 104. 37695-37723
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204

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