The species existence in Djibouti was only confirmed in 1993, when they were observed on hillsides at two sites in the southeast, close to the borders with Somalia and Ethiopia (Knzel and Knzel 1998). Recent surveys have shown that the area of distribution in Djibouti is about 250 km and located in the mountainous Ali Sabieh - Arrey - Assamo region (Knzel et al. 2000, Laurent et al. 2001, Heckel et al. 2004).
In Ethiopia, the species is known from the Marmar mountains along the border with north-west Somalia (Bolton 1973). No recent information is available on its status in this part of the country, where large numbers of armed pastoralists and their livestock now reside. There is no evidence of their occurrence in the Ogaden region (Wilhelmi 1997, Wilhelmi et al. 2006).
Habitat and Ecology
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Dorcatragus megalotis
Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.
Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Dorcatragus megalotis
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
- 2007Vulnerable (VU)
- 1996Vulnerable (VU)
- 1994Insufficiently Known (K)
- 1990Insufficiently Known (K)
- 1988Insufficiently Known (K)
- 1986Insufficiently Known (K)
- 1965Status inadequately known-survey required or data sought
In Djibouti, the total population has been estimated at between 50 and 150 individuals (Knzel and Knzel 1998, Laurent et al. 2001, Heckel et al. 2004). In Djibouti, Beira are restricted to a limited area and likely decreasing in number due to desertification by overgrazing and disturbance from an incoming population of refugees. In Somalia, animals underwent a marked decline in number during the 1975 drought (Simonetta 1988).
The beira stands 1.5 to 2.0 ft (0.46 to 0.61 m) high at the shoulder and weighs between 20 and 25 lb (9.1 and 11.3 kg). It has a coarse, red-grey coat with a yellow-red face. It has long, 6 in (15 cm) ears and the males of the species have short, straight horns. The captive-breeding program at the Al Wabra Wildlife Preservation in Qatar has a current population of about 35 beira.
The term 'beira' is derived from behra, its Somali name.
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