The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "African Safari Consultants" (On-line). Accessed October 14, 1999 at http://www.silcom.com/~safaris/south.htm.
  • "African Wildlife Foundation" (On-line). Accessed October 11, 1999 at http://www.awf.org/animals/hartebst.html.
  • "IUCN" (On-line). Accessed November 7, 1999 at http://www.wcmc.org.uk/species/animals/.
  • 1. IUCN Red List (December, 2007) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Kingdon, J. (1997) The Kingdon Field Guide to African Mammals. Academic Press Limited, London.
  • 3. Alden, P.C., Estes, R.D., Schlitter, D. and McBride, B. (1996) Collins Guide to African Wildlife. Harpercollins Publishers, London.
  • 4. Stuart, C. and Stuart, T. (1997) Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of South Africa. Struik Publishers, London.
  • 5. Mills, G. and Hes, L. (1997) The Complete Book of Southern African Mammals. Struik Publishers, London.
  • 6. East, R. (1999) African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • 7. UNEP-WCMC: Serengeti National Park, Tanzania (December, 2007) http://www.unep-wcmc.org/sites/wh/pdf/Serengeti.pdfhttp://www.unep-wcmc.org/sites/wh/pdf/Serengeti.pdf External link.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Caro, T. 1994. Ungulate Antipredator Behaviour: Preliminary and Comparative Data from African Bovids. Behaviour, 128 (3-4): 189-228.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • I. Agnarsson and L. J. May-Collado. 2008. The phylogeny of Cetartiodactyla: The importance of dense taxon sampling, missing data, and the remarkable promise of cytochrome b to provide reliable species-level phylogenies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48:964-985
  • Jones, M. L. 1993. Longevity of ungulates in captivity. International Zoo Yearbook 32:159-169.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Kingdon, A. 1989. East African Mammals: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa Volume III Part D (Bovids). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • M., Basuony., F. Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2010).  Mammals of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & Conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo..  
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Murray, M. June 1993. Compariative nutrition of wildebeest, hartebeest and topi in the Serengeti. African Journal of Ecology, 31 (2): 172-177.
  • Nowak, R. 1997. Walker's Mammals of the World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Schaller, G. 1972. The Serengeti Lion: A Study of Predator Prey Relations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Schuette, J., D. Leslie Jr., R. Lochmiller, J. Jenks. 1998. Diets of Hartebeest and Roan Antelope in Burkina Faso: Support of the Long-Faced Hypothesis. Journal of Mammalogy, 79 (2): 426-436.
  • Skinner, J. D., and R. H. N. Smithers. 1990. The mammals of the southern African subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Spinage, C. A. 1986. The Natural History of Antelpoes. Croom Helm, London, UK.
  • Type: Heller, E. 1912 Nov 02. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 60 (8): 5.
  • Type: Heller, E. 1912 Nov 02. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 60 (8): 6.
  • Type: Heller, E. 1913 Oct 21. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 61 (17): 3.
  • Verlinden, A. 1998. Seasonal movement patterns of some ungulates in the Kalahari ecosysystem of Botswana between 1990 and 1995. African Journal of Ecology, 36: 117-128.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • [Anonymous]   (Submitted).  Animal Diversity Web.  

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