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Range DescriptionThe Hog Deer historically occurred from Pakistan, throughout northern and northeastern India, including the Himalayan foothill zone, east across non-Sundaic Southeast Asia and, marginally, southern China (southern Yunnan province), but is now reduced to isolated populations within this range. It is almost extirpated from east of Myanmar. It is extinct in Thailand (where it has, however, been introduced) and almost certainly in Viet Nam and Lao PDR (Humphrey and Bain 1990; Duckworth et al. 1999; Tordoff et al. 2005; R.J. Timmins pers. comm. 2008). Very small numbers have been found recently in Bangladesh, in one small region of Cambodia (Khan 2004; Maxwell et al. 2007), and, reportedly, China (per B.P.L. Chan pers. comm. 2008); although details of the latter have not yet been traced, it is believed to involve a population of at most a few dozen, at one site. Hog Deer still probably occur in at least several areas of Myanmar (J.W. Duckworth in litt. 2008, from various sources), and localised populations survive in northern and northeastern India, Nepal, Bhutan (few recent data) and Pakistan (status uncertain) (Biswas and Mathur 2000; Biswas 2004). Hog Deer has been introduced into Sri Lanka, Australia (specifically the coastal regions of south and east Gippsland; Moore and Mayze 1990), and the United States (Texas, Florida, and Hawaii) (Grubb 2005) (but is not mapped in these last two).