The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (April, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 10. The American Zoo and Aquarium Association (November, 2004) http://www.aza.org/ConScience/ConScienceSSPFact/http://www.aza.org/ConScience/ConScienceSSPFact/ External link.
  • 1997. Encyclopedia of Mammals. Pp. 809-833 in A Brown, et. al., eds. Browsing Giants, Vol. 6. Tarrytown, New York: Marshall Cavendish Corp..
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World. Pp. 1084-1089 in R Nowak, ed. Okapi and Giraffe, Vol. 2, 6 Edition. Baltimore, Maryland: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • 2. Dagg, A. (2005) Pers. Comm.
  • 2003. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. Pp. 399-408 in M Hutchins, D Kleiman, V Geist, M McDade, eds. Okapis and giraffes, Vol. 15: IV, 2 Edition. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group.
  • 2005. "Animal Fact Sheet" (On-line). Reticulated Giraffe. Accessed November 19, 2005 at http://www.zoo.org/educate/fact_sheets/savana/giraffe.htm.
  • 3. Nature Wildlife (November, 2004) http://www.nature-wildlife.com/girtxt.htmhttp://www.nature-wildlife.com/girtxt.htm External link.
  • 4. Toronto Zoo (November, 2004) http://www.torontozoo.com/Animals/details.asp?AnimalId=370Animalhttp://www.torontozoo.com/Animals/details.asp?AnimalId=370Animal External link.
  • 5. Diversity Web (November, 2004) http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Giraffa_camelopardalis.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Giraffa_camelopardalis.html External link.
  • 6. The Big Zoo (November, 2004) http://www.thebigzoo.com/Animals/Reticulated_Giraffe.asphttp://www.thebigzoo.com/Animals/Reticulated_Giraffe.asp External link.
  • 7. Sea World (November, 2004) http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-bytes/animalia/eumetazoa/coelomates/deuterostomes/chordata/craniata/mammalia/artiodactyla/giraffe.htmhttp://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/animal-bytes/animalia/eumetazoa/coelomates/deuterostomes/chordata/craniata/mammalia/artiodactyla/giraffe.htm External link.
  • 8. Dagg, A.I. and Foster, J.B. (1976) The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behaviour and Ecology. Van Nost, Reinhold.
  • 9. African Wildlife Foundation (November, 2004) http://www.awf.org/wildlives/118http://www.awf.org/wildlives/118 External link.
  • Attenborough, D. 1995. The Private Life of Plants: A Natural History of Plant Behavior. London: BBC Books. 320 p.
  • Breebaart, L., R. Bhikraj, and T. G. O'Connor. 2002. Dietary overlap between Boer goats and indigenous browsers in a South African savanna. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 19:13-20.
  • Burnie, D., D. Wilson. 2001. Smithsonian Institution Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. New York: DK Publishing, Inc..
  • C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae (Stockholm)
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Clauss et al. (2007) Tooth wear in captive giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis): mesowear analysis classifies free-ranging specimens as browsers but captive ones as grazers. J Zoo Wildl Med, 38:433-445.
  • Dagg, A. I. and J. B. Foster. 1976. The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behaviour and Ecology. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.
  • Dagg, A. I., and J. B. Foster. 1976. The Giraffe: Its Biology, Behaviour and Ecology. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, Cincinnati, Atlanta, Dallas, San Fransisco.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Duplaix, N., N. Simon. 1976. World Guide to Mammals. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc..
  • East, R. 1999. IUCN African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
  • Groves, C., & Grubb P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Innis Dagg, A. 1971. Giraffa camelopardalis. Mammalian Species 5:1-8.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pratt, D. M. and V. H. Anderson. 1982. Population, distribution, and behaviour of giraffe in the Arusha National Park, Tanzania. Journal of Natural History 16:481-9.
  • Pratt, D. M. and V. H. Anderson. 1985. Giraffe social behavior. Journal of Natural History 19:771-81.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Sanderson, I. 1982. The Audubon Society Encyclopedia of Animal Life. New York: Clarkson N. Potter, Inc..
  • Simmons, R. E. and L. Scheepers. 1996. Winning by a neck: Sexual selection in the evolution of giraffe. The American Naturalist 148:771-86.
  • Skinner, J. D., and R. H. N. Smithers. 1990. The mammals of the southern African subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Thomas, Jim. 1997. A heart for heights. New Scientist. (2100): 24.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wood, W. F.; Weldon, P. J. 2002. The scent of the reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 30(10): 913-917.

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