The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Emig C.C. Alvarez F. Bitner M.A. (Ed) . (2015). WoRMS Brachiopoda: World Brachiopoda database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Emig, C. (2015). Lingula parva Smith, 1872. In: Emig, C.C.; Alvarez F.; Bitner M.A. (Ed) (2015). World Brachiopoda database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Emig, Christian. 2006. Systematics of extant brachiopod taxa.
  • Smith E. A. 1872. A list of species of shells from West Africa, with descriptions of those hitherto undescribed. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1871, 727-739, 1 pl.


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