Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Cape Verde Islands where it is found only off the northwest coast of Boavista Island at Baía Teodora and Sal Rei (Monteiro et al. 2004) along a coast of approx 6 km including a small island. It is restricted to a single bay where it was originally more abundant around the harbour side of the bay and is now more frequent on the islet in the bay (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).
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Endemic to Boavista Islands. Species at high risk of extinction.
  • Rolán E., 2005. Malacological Fauna From The Cape Verde Archipelago. Part 1, Polyplacophora and Gastropoda.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives on rocky shores with patches of sand. The species is found at depths of between 1 and 15 m (Poppe and Poppe 2011). Adults of the species typically grow to 25 mm in length. Recently, the temperature of the water has increased with colonization by corals.

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Monnier, E. & Seddon, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is endemic to the Cape Verde Islands where it is found only off the northwest coast of Boavista Island at Baía Teodora and Sal Rei along a coast of approx 6 km including a small island. It is restricted to a single bay where it was originally more abundant around the harbour side of the bay and is now more frequent on the islet in the bay (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011), although always scarce in population samples. This species declined after a major harbour development 10 years ago which impacted the species in the main part of the range, and there is an ongoing low level of risk from pollution.The species is considered to be Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii).
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Population

Population
The populations around Sal-Rei have been declining but those on the other side of the islet are considered to have been stable over the last 10 years. The species is scarce in suitable habitats during the breeding season in the region (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011). The harbour construction 10 years ago impacted the populations.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is only found in a single small bay where there was a major harbour development 10 years ago that impacted the species in the main part of its range. There is a low level of risk from pollution.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species has a restricted range and would benefit from further research into abundance and threats. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus salreiensis

Conus salreiensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Shell conical, with rounded shoulder and short spire. Dark brown on the spire and the base; the rest of the last whorl bears several spiral bands varying from light brown to yellowish. Under magnification it is possible to see numerous axial thin brown lines. Shell up to 25 mm.[2]

Distribution

Known only from the northwest of Boavista Island, Cape Verde, where it is an endemic species, living in shallow waters. Due to the small range there is a high risk of extinction.[2]

References

  1. ^ Conus salreiensis Rolán (Mosquera), 1980.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  2. ^ a b Rolán E. (2005). Malacological Fauna from the Cape Verde Archipelago. ConchBooks, Hackenheim, 455 pp., ISBN 3-325-31973-2.
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