Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Cape Verde Islands where it is found only off the north shore of the island of São Vicente including Baía de Salamansa east to Ponta Marigou and Ponta de Fragata, a coastline of approx 9 km (Monteiro et al. 2004).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

This species has been recorded from rocky habitats along the north coast, where the species may well have been associated with sea-urchin holes in shallow waters. The majority of habitats along this part of the coast have been disturbed, and the populations are thought to have been lost, and there have been no specimens collected since the 1980s (M.J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011). Adults of the species typically grow 20 mm in length.


Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
CR
Critically Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Monnier, E. & Seddon, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is endemic to the Cape Verde Islands where it is found only off the north shore of the island of São Vicente including Baía de Salamansa east to Ponta Marigou and Ponta de Fragata, a coastline of approx 9 km. The Cape Verde islands are experiencing a major increase in tourism. The island of São Vicente to which this species is restricted is similarly affected with the centre of its small distribution coinciding with the town of Salamansa. The majority of habitats along this part of the coast have been disturbed, and the populations are thought to have been lost, and there have been no specimens collected since the 1980s. Hence the species is found at a single location, with declining quality of habitat, and is therefore assessed as Critically Endangered B1ab(iii).

If the populations along the eastern shores of S Vicente and along the south-western coast of the nearby island of Santa Luzia that were originally considered as C. murichae are re-classified as C lugubris (Monteiro et al. 2004), then the species assessment will need to be revised.
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Population

Population
The majority of habitats along this part of the coast have been disturbed, and the populations are thought to have been lost, and there have been no specimens collected since the 1980s (M.J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats

This species is endemic to the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde, where it is restricted to a 9 km stretch of coast.

The Cape Verde islands are experiencing a major increase in tourism. The island of São Vicente to which this species is restricted is similarly affected with the centre of its small distribution coinciding with the town of Salamansa.

An international airport was opened on the island in 2009 to assist in the tourism development.


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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is highly restricted in its range and extremely scarce in the market and would benefit from further research into abundance, level of off-take and threats before any action plan can be formulated. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus lugubris

Conus lugubris is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

This species occurs in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.

References

  1. ^ Reeve, L. A., 1849. Monograph of the genus Conus. Conchologia Iconica, i. Conus. Suppl
  2. ^ a b Conus lugubris Reeve, 1849.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
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