Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Cape Verde Islands where it is restricted in its range to the south-west coast of the island of Santa Luzia, for a distance of approx 9 km only (Monteiro et al. 2004).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found beneath rocks at 1 to 3 m depths (Poppe and Poppe 2011). Adults of the species typically grow to 30 mm in length.

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Monnier, E. & Seddon, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
Although this species is endemic to a very small island, there is little or no human intrusion on its habitat, and the likelihood of a natural catastrophe or other impact leading to the extinction of the species is considered very low. The site lies within a protected area, and most of the threats are removed due to lack of access. Thus the species is placed as Near Threatened, as at present the threats are not likely to impact the species within 10 years.

If the protection is removed, greater access was permitted to the island or oil tanker movements around the island increased, then the conservation status should be reviewed with the possiblity of Vulnerable D2 or even Critically Endangered B2ab(i,iii).
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Population

Population
This species is never common in the range during the breeding season (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011). There are limited data as this island is rarely visited. (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is highly restricted in its range (12 km2) although the location where it is found is undeveloped. Off-take is not considered to be threatening the species. In common with all small Conus spp., the shells of this species are only traded for the specialist collector. The lack of visiting collectors to the island and its protected status means that is little take of this species, hence it is rarely traded.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is restricted in its range and would benefit from further research into abundance and threats before any action plan can be formulated. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus curralensis

Conus curralensis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ Conus curralensis Rolán, 1986.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
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