Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This is a wide ranging species which occurs in the Indian Ocean in Réunion, Chagos, and Maldives and in the Western Indo-Pacfic extending from Indonesia to Japan and across to Fiji. The subspecies C. m. marielae is restricted to Marquesas, the Tuamotu Archipelago, and the Marshall Islands (Rockel et al. 1995).

The EOO, AOO, and number of locations for this species exceeds the criteria for B1, B2, and D2 classification.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs on sand, gravel, or coral rubble substrate on ledges and in sand pockets at 20 to 240 m (Rockel et al. 1995, www.topseashell.com).
It has a planktotrophic development, which explains its widespread distribution. The typical size for shells of this species is between 40 - 60 mm in length (Rockel et al. 1995).

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Raybaudi-Massilia, G.

Reviewer/s
Veldsman, S.G. & Peters, H.

Contributor/s

Justification
This is a wide ranging species which occurs in the Indian Ocean in Réunion, Chagos, and Maldives and in the Western Indo-Pacific extending from Indonesia to Japan and across to Fiji. The subspecies C. m. marielae is restricted to Marquesas, the Tuamotu Archipelago, and the Marshall Islands. This species has no known threats to its population. It has therefore been assessed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no population data available for this species in the literature. It is considered to be rare in La Réunion, and widespread and more common in the rest of its range (G. Raybaudi pers. comm. October 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known material threats to this species. Localized threats are likely to affect the species in parts of its range, particularly shallower water populations, but this is not thought to significantly affect this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation actions currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus moluccensis

Conus moluccensis, common name the Molucca cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Subspecies

This is not a subspecies, but rather is a distinct species: Conus marielae Rehder & Wilson, 1975.[5][6]

Description

The size of an adult shell varies between 30 mm and 60 mm. The coronated shell is yellowish white, marbled and streaked with chestnut, with minute revolving lines of granules, which are often somewhat articulated red-brown and white.[7]

Distribution

This species occurs in the Indian Ocean along the Mascarene Basin[2]

References

  1. ^ Küster, H. C., 1838. Coneae, oder Conidae, I. Conus, Linne. Systematisches Conchylien-Cabinet von Martini und Chemnitz, neu herausgegeben und vervollstdndigt von H.C. Küster, 2.
  2. ^ a b c Conus moluccensis Küster, 1838.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 31 July 2011.
  3. ^ Conus moluccensis vappereaui Monteiro, 2009.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 16 February 2010.
  4. ^ Monteiro (2009). Visaya 2(5): 88-90.
  5. ^ Conus marielae Rehder & Wilson, 1975.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 6 April 2011.
  6. ^ Rehder H. A. & Wilson B. R. (1975). "New Species of Marine Mollusks from Pitcairn Island and the Marquesas". Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 203: 1-16. page 14-16. PDF.
  7. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 26; 1879
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