Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to French Polynesia and the Marshall Islands, excluding Hawaii (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Shell up to 7 cm, with low spire and nodular whorls. Colour creamy brown, patterned with fine, tiny, darker spots. Habitat: on sand around reefs. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. (Richmond, 1997).
  • Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found intertidally to depths of 30 m. It is typically found in sand on reef and seagrass flats, or less commonly in rubble and mud. In the western Indian Ocean, adults can grow up to a maximum length of 90 mm, although they will typically be smaller than this (A.J. Kohn pers. comm. 2011). In the Philippines, maximum size recorded is 65 mm (G. Poppe pers. com. 2011).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 16 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 10 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 60
  Temperature range (°C): 24.049 - 28.426
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.561
  Salinity (PPS): 34.135 - 35.503
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.296 - 4.855
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 0.500
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 4.505

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 60

Temperature range (°C): 24.049 - 28.426

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.561

Salinity (PPS): 34.135 - 35.503

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.296 - 4.855

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.090 - 0.500

Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 4.505
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Conus arenatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

TCAACAAATCATAAAGACATCGGGACATTGTATATTTTATTTGGAATGTGATCTGGGTTAGTTGGAACTGCCCTA---AGGTTGTTAATTCGTGCAGAGCTAGGGCAGCCTGGTGCCTTACTTGGGGAT---GATCAGCTATATAATGTAATTGTAACGGCACATGCCTTTGTTATAATTTTTTTCTTGGTAATGCCCATGATAATTGGGGGTTTCGGAAATTGGTTAGTACCCCTAATG---TTAGGGGCTCCAGATATGGTATTTCCTCGGCTAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTCTTCCTCCTGCACTCTTGCTTTTGCTATCATCAGCTGCTGTTGAAAGAGGGGTTGGAACGGGATGAACTGTTTATCCGCCTTTGGCAGGAAACTTAGCACATGCTGGTGGTTCTGTAGATCTT---GCAATTTTTTCTTTACATCTTGCTGGTGTATCCTCTATTCTAGGAGCGGTAAATTTTATTACCACAATTATTAATATGCGATGACAAGGAATGAAATTCGAACGTCTTTCGCTATTTGTGTGGTCAGTAAAAATTACAGCTATTTTGCTCCTTTTATCTCTACCGGTATTAGCGGGT---GCAATTACTATACTTTTAACTGATCGAAATTTTAATACTGCCTTCTTTGATCCAGCCGGAGGTGGTGATCCTATTTTATATCAACATCTTTTCTGGTTTTTTGGTCACCCTGAAGTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus arenatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Kohn, A.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Poppe, G.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to French Polynesia and the Marshall islands, excluding Hawaii. This species is wide ranging, appears to be relatively common in the wild and has no obvious threats. It is common in coral reef sanctuaries in the Philippines. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is relatively common throughout its range (A.J. Kohn and G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this very wide ranging species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures for this species at present. It is common in coral reef sanctuaries in the Philippines (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).
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