Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is widespread from the Red Sea and Madagascar to Easter Island, and from Japan to Australia (Massin 1996), including Southeast Arabia (Clark and Rowe 1971) and Eastern Africa and Madagascar.
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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Also recorded in SE Arabia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, 1995). General distribution: tropical, Indo-west Pacific Ocean, depth range 0-30 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995); widely distributed in the Indo-Pacific Ocean from the Red Sea and Madagascar to Easter Island, and from Japan to Australia (Massin, 1996). Ecology: benthic, inshore, detritus feeder, deposit feeder (Rowe & Gates, 1995); from tide pools up to 45 m. Depth (Massin, 1996).
  • Tortonese, E. (1977). Report on Echinoderms from the gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea). Italian Journal of Zoology N.S. S. IX(12): 273-290.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

This is a nocturnal species that hides contracted under rocks or rubble during the day (Conand 2008).


Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 15.55 - 15.55
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Stichopus monotuberculatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 30 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ATGAATAAAATGAGCTTTTGACTAGTCCCCCCTTCTTTTATCCTTCTTTTAGCCTCAGCGGGAGTCGAAAGAGGTGTTGGAACTGGATGGACAATTTACCCCCCACTTTCGAGAAACATTGCGCATGCCGGAGGGTCAGTGGATTTG---GCCATTTTTTCCCTACATTTAGCTGGAGCGTCTTCCATACTTGCTTCAATTAACTTTATCACTACAATAATAAAAATGCGAACACCGGGAGTTACTTTTGATCGACTTCCTTTATTTGTTTGGTCGGTTTTTATAACAGCATTTCTCCTCCTTCTTAGACTCCCAGTCCTAGCAGGA---GCTATAACTATGCTTCTCACAGACCGAAAAATAAAAACTACCTTTTTTGACCCTGCTGGAGGGGGTGACCCAATTTTATTCCAACATCTTTTCTGATTTTTTGGGCACCCAGAAGTTTACATCCTCATTCTTCCAGGATTTGGAATGATCTCTCACGTAATAGCTCACTACAGAGGAAAGCAA---GAACCCTTTGGCTACCTAGGAATGGTTTACGCCATGGTCGCCATCGGA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ATT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stichopus monotuberculatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 30
Specimens with Barcodes: 40
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Conand, C., Purcell, S. & Gamboa, R.

Reviewer/s
Polidoro, B., Knapp, L., Harwell, H. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is under taxonomic review, and there have been many misidentifications with Stichopus horrens. Both species are fished throughout there range, but in general more heavily in Madagascar, the Philippines and Indonesia. It is listed as Data Deficient.
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Population

Population
No information is currently available on the population of this species. Many misidentifications between Stichopus horrens and this species occur, so much of the catch data cannot be interpreted.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats

This species is fished throughout its range. Although not one of the most important species for fishery purposes, it can be expected that this species may become more popular after the depletion or reduction of other species of higher commercial importance and value.

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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species-specific conservation measures for this species at this time.
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