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Range DescriptionThis large freshwater gastropod is found mainly in Europe to 62°N (Kerney 1999). It has a Palaearctic range, occurring principally in the lowlands of northern, central and eastern Europe plus southern Scandinavia. It is generally rare in southern Europe. In northern and central Europe it has been recorded from the UK and Ireland in the west; Norway, Sweden, Latvia, Estonia and Denmark in North; Portugal in the south; and Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Slovenia to Greece and Bulgaria in the east. Fauna Europea (Bank et al. 2006) list the range as Norway, Sweden, Denmark (mainland), Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Kalingrad region (Russia), Poland, Republic of Ireland (Eire), Great Britain (UK), Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France (mainland), Germany, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Romania, Portugal (mainland), Albania, Macedonia, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Ukraine. According to Fauna Europea (Bank et al. 2006) it was originally reported from the former country of Yugoslavia but the full country list is uncertain. V. viviparus penthicus (Servain 1884) is listed as a subspecies by Gloër (2002) that is restricted to the River Elbe, around Hamburg.
Kantor et al. (2009) report the species from Transcaucasia, except for in the extreme north and south of western Transcaucasia.