Overview

Distribution

Sile (Artane, Chile, Schile, Kilia), Black Sea (Chernoe More, Chernoye More, Euxine Sea, Schwarzes Meer), Turkey
Collection date: Sep 23, 1956
Substrate: sand
Salin: 2.9-14.3 ppt

Sile (Artane, Chile, Schile, Kilia), Black Sea (Chernoe More, Chernoye More, Euxine Sea, Schwarzes Meer), Turkey
Collection date: Sep 3, 1956
Substrate: sand
Salin: 2.9-14.3 ppt

Sile (Artane, Chile, Schile, Kilia), Black Sea (Chernoe More, Chernoye More, Euxine Sea, Schwarzes Meer), Turkey
Collection date: Sep 20, 1956
Substrate: sand
Salin: 2.9-14.3 ppt

Kucukeekmece (Kucuk Cekmece), Sea of Marmara (Marmara Meer), Turkey
Collection date: Sep 28, 1956
Substrate: fine, medium sand
Salin: 7.3 ppt

Razelm-Sinoë, Razelmul Mare (Dolosman), Golovitza, Portitza, Sinoë Lake (Grindul Lupilor), Danube Delta, Romania
Collection date: prior to 1974
Salin: 3 to 3.4 ppt
Comments: Golovitza, the endo of Sinoë Lake. predeltaic sector: Ciotic-Zaton, the south of Sahalin Island. Numerous specimens.

Pagan Point, St. Andrews (Saint Andrews), New Brunswick, Canada
Collection date: Aug-Sep 1984
Comments: salt marsh north of Pagan Point. Floating algal mats in a pool.

Pocologan, New Brunswick, Canada
Collection date: Aug-Sep 1984
Substrate: fine-medium sand
Comments: brackish water bay. Upper intertidal.

North Harbour, Deer Island, New Brunswick, Canada
Collection date: Aug-Sep 1984
Substrate: mud
Comments: Mud of the lower salt marsh border.

Manawagonish Island, Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada
Collection date: Aug-Sep 1984
Substrate: mud
Comments: salt marsh. Mud between Spartina plants.

Lake Glensevern and Upper Duck Pond, Campobello Island, New Brunswick, Canada
Collection date: Aug-Sep 1984
Comments: Upper Duck Pond. Salt marsh sediment.

Rantum Inge, Rantum, Sylt Island, Germany, North Sea
Collection date: 1982-1983
Substrate: mud
Salin: brackish
Comments: supralitoral salt marsh. Suaeda maritima auf festem Schlick. 40 bis 50 cm über MHWL, steil zum Watt abfallend.

Nielönn, north of Kampen, Sylt Island, Germany, North Sea
Collection date: Jul 1983
Substrate: medium sand
Comments: "Nielönn" bei Kampen. Sandbank, Mittelsand, -20 bis 5 cm, stellenweise mit Spartina-horsten, je 10 x 2 cm2 neben und entfernt von Pflanzen.

Raantem Inge, Rantum, Sylt Island, Germany, North Sea
Collection date: Oct 1982
Substrate: mud, shell
Comments: Rantum. 'Raantem Inge", dichte Vegetation (Salicornia, Spartina, Suaeda) auf Schlick mit Schill, sehr detritusreich, steil ansteigend. -10 cm (Watt, 10 x 2 cm2) bis +40 cm, 4 Probestellen zu 10 x 5 cm2.

Bad Oldesloe, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Collection date: Jun 22, 1958
Comments: Salzstellen bei Bad Oldesloe

Ekenas (Ekenäs, Tammisaari, Tammisari), Finland
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: Finnischen Meerbusens, von Hangö im Westen bis Ekenäs, Modermagan im Osten festgestellt, ebenso von der Stadt Ekenäs bis Segelskär in den äussersten Schären. Unzweifelhaft überall an der Südküste Finnlands häufig.

Hanko (Hangö, Hango, Hangonkyla, Khanko) Penninsula, Finnish Bay, Finland
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: Finnischen Meerbusens, von Hangö im Westen bis Ekenäs, Modermagan im Osten festgestellt, ebenso von der Stadt Ekenäs bis Segelskär in den äussersten Schären. Unzweifelhaft überall an der Südküste Finnlands häufig.

Fölisön (Seurasaari ), Finland
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: Finnischen Meerbusens, Helsingfors Fölisön (= Seurasaari). Unzweifelhaft überall an der Südküste Finnlands häufig.

Stockholms Skärgård (Schären von Stockholm, Stockholm Archipelago), Sweden
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: (Kinnander, Briefl. Mitt.)

Östergötland (Ostergotland), Sweden
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: (Karling)

Vrångö (Vrango), Sweden
Collection date: 1960 or earlier
Comments: (Karling)

Greifswald, Germany
Collection date: 1851 or earlier

Schlei, Kieler Bay, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Collection date: 1952 or earlier
Comments: Kiel, Schlei u. Nord-Ostseekanal

Nord-Ostsee-Kanal (Nord-Ostseekanal, Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal, Kieler Kanal, Kiel Canal), Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Collection date: 1952 or earlier
Comments: Kiel, Schlei u. Nord-Ostseekanal

Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Collection date: 1952 or earlier
Comments: Kiel, Schlei u. Nord-Ostseekanal

Isle of Man
Collection date: 1953 or earlier

Plymouth, England (English Channel)
Collection date: 1953 or earlier
Comments: England, Plymouth u. Isle of Man in ausgesüsstem Wasser.

Albufera de Valencia (Albufera, La Albufera), Spain
Collection date: 1931 or earlier
Comments: Spanien Valencia, See von Albufera u. Tümpel zwischen Meer u. See.

Étang de Canet, France
Collection date: 1956 or earlier
Comments: Süfrankreich Pyrénées orientales, Étang de Carnet [Canet]

Pisa, Toscana, Italy
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Salin: brackish
Comments: Italien Brackwasser in der Umgebung von Pisa

Aral Sea (Aral Tengizi, Orol Dengizil, Aral'skoye More, Aral'skoe Sea), in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, Asia
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Comments: Russland Aralsee u. Kapisches Meer

Caspian Sea (Kaspisches Meer)
Collection date: 1951 or earlier
Comments: Russland Aralsee u. Kapisches Meer

Ria de Villaviciosa near San Martin, Spain
Collection date: 1997-1999
Salin: Brackish (olig)

Ria de Santona near Escalante, Spain
Collection date: 1997-1999
Salin: Brackish (olig)
  • Armonies W. 1987. index card avail.
     . Freilebende Plathelminthes in supralitoralen Salzwiesen der Nordsee: Oekologie einer borealen Brackwasser-Lebensgemeinschaft. Microfauna mar 3:81-156.
  • Ax P, Armonies W. 1987. index card avail.
     . Amphiatlantic identities in the composition of the boreal brackish water community of Plathelminthes. A comparison between the Canadian and European Atlantic coast. Microfauna Marina 3:7-80.
  • Ax P. 1952. index card avail.
     . Eine Brackwasser-Lebensgemeinschaft an Holzpfaehlen des Nord-Ostsee-Kanals. Kieler Meeresforschungen 8:229-242,2 tab.
  • Ax P. 1956. index card avail.
     . Les turbellariés des etangs cotiers du littoral mediterraneen de la France meridionale. Vie et Milieu, Suppl. No. 5 (Paris):1-215.
  • Ax P. 1959. index card avail.
     . Zur Systematik, Ökologie und Tiergeographie der Turbellarienfauna in den ponto-kaspischen Brackwassergebieten. Zool Jahrb Abt Syst Oekol Geogr Tiere 87:43-184.
  • Beklemischev VN. 1951.   . Species belonging to the genus Macrostomum (Turbellaria, Rhabdocoela) of the Soviet Union. [In Russian]. Bull. Soc. Nat. Moskau (Biol.) 56 (4): 31-40 [russ].
  • Gieysztor M. 1931. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Contribution à la connaissance des Turbellariés Rhabdocoèles (Turbellaria Rhabdocoela) d'Espagne. Bull int Acad Polonaise Sci Lett, Classe Sci Math Nat B 2: 125-153, Plates 13-14.
  • Hellwig M. 1987. index card avail.
     . Oekologie freilebender Plathelminthen in Grenzraum Watt-Salzwiese lenitischer Gezeitenkuesten. Microfauna Marina 3:157-244.
  • Luther A. 1960. index card avail.
     . Die Turbellarien Ostfennoskandiens I. Acoela, Catenulida, Macrostomida, Lecithoepitheliata, Prolecithophora, und Proseriata. Fauna Fennica 7:1-155.
  • Mack-Fira V. 1974. index card avail.
     . The turbellarian fauna of the Romanian littoral waters of the Black Sea and its annexes. In: N.W. Riser & M.P. Morse, Biology of Turbellaria. McGraw-Hill, New York: 248-290.
  • Noreña C, Damborenea C, Faubel A & Brusa F. 2007.  abstract/note. Composition of meiobenthonic Platyhelminthes from brackish environments of the Galician and Cantabrian coasts of Spain with the description of a new species of Djeziraia (Polycystididae, Kalyptorhynchia). Journal of Natural History 41 (29-32): 1989-2005.
  • Papi F. 1951.  abstract/note. Ricerche sui Turbellari Macrostomidae. Arch Zool Ital 36:289-341.
  • Rixen J-U. 1961. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Kleinturbellarien aus dem Litoral der Binnengewässer Schleswig-Holsteins. Arch Hydrobiol 57:464-538.
  • Schultze Max. 1851. index card avail.
     . Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Turbellarien. Greifswald. 78 pp, 7 plates.
  • Westblad E. 1953.  abstract/note. Marine Macrostomida (Turbellaria) from Scandinavia and England. Ark Zool (Ser. 2) 4(23):391-408.
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Source: Turbellarian Taxonomic Database

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Sevastopol (Sebastopol, Sewastopol, Akhiar, Akhtyar), Black Sea, Ukraine.
Collection date: 1889

Skutustaoir, north Iceland
Collection date: Jul 1-Aug2, 1937
Salin: freshwater
Comments: pond covered with Menyanthes, many specimens.

Laugarvatn, south Iceland
Collection date: Jul 1-Aug2, 1937
Salin: freshwater
Comments: slow flowing brook and bog pool in the surroundings of Laugarvatn, 1 specimen.

Kola Peninsula (Halbinsel Kola, Alexandrowsk, Kandalakscha, Kantalahti, Alexandrovsk), Russia
Collection date: 1923 or earlier
Salin: freshwater brackish

Allschwil (Allschwil-Switzerland), Switzerland
Collection date: prior to 1894

Neudorf, Switzerland
Collection date: prior to 1894
Comments: marsh

Kleinhüningen near Basel, Switzerland
Collection date: prior to 1894
Comments: marsh

Saint-Aubin-Fosse-Louvain, Louvain, France
Collection date: 1869

Costinesti, Romania, Black Sea
Collection date: Sep 21, 1969
Substrate: sand of stone zone

Agigea, Romania, Black Sea
Collection date: Aug 18, 1970
Depth: 1 m
Substrate: sand, stone

Cape Midia (Capul Midia) , Romania, Black Sea
Collection date: Dec 5, 1970
Depth: 1 m
Substrate: sand, stone
Comments: in sand.

Pisa, Toscana, Italy
Collection date: Nov 9, 1949
Comments: outskirts of Pisa, in a closed arm of the Dead River (F.M. Vecchio). In water with variations in salinity.

Tirrenia, Italy
Collection date: Nov 20, 1950
Comments: in a ditch zone called Lamone, near Tirrenia.

Taktom (Täcktom, Taktun), Finland
Collection date: prior to 1947
Comments: numerous observations in Lappvik in the east of Täcktom in Westen.

Zoologischen Station Tvärminne (Tvarminne), Hanko (Hango, Hangö), Finnish Bay, Finland
Collection date: prior to 1947
Depth: 2 m
Comments: Riparian zone, Gyttja soils with plants.

Zoologischen Station Tvärminne (Tvarminne), Hanko (Hango, Hangö), Finnish Bay, Finland
Collection date: prior to 1905
Salin: brackish
Comments: around the Zool. Station Tvärminne. In shallow areas.

Warszawa (Warschau, Varsavia, Varshava, Warsaw, Varsovie), Poland
Collection date: 1926 or earlier
Comments: near Warsaw. Winter eggs.

Port Aralsk (Aral, Aralskoye More), Aral Sea (Aral Tengizi, Orol Dengizil, Aral'skoye More, Aral'skoe Sea), Kazakhstan
Collection date: 1927 or earlier
Comments: Port Aralsk.

Leningrad Province (Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg), Russia
Collection date: 1926 or earlier
Comments: Leningrad province.

Chadjibej Liman (Khadzhybeys’kyy Lyman, Gadzhibeyskiy Liman, Gadzhibeyskiy Liman, Hadzhibeiski Lagoon), Ukraine
Collection date: 1900 or earlier
Salin: brackish
Comments: in Chadjibej Liman with saline concentration of 5-7.

Warszawa (Warschau, Varsavia, Varshava, Warsaw, Varsovie), Poland
Collection date: 1891 or earlier
Comments: near Warsaw.

Lake Geneva (Genfer, Genfersees, Ginevra, Geneve, Leman, Lac Léman, Lemano), Switzerland
Collection date: 1879 or earlier
Depth: 45 m
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Léman, Tiefe (45m), Sümpfe am Ufer des Sees und Teiche in der Umgebung von Orbe.

Lake Geneva (Genfer, Genfersees, Ginevra, Geneve, Leman, Lac Léman, Lemano), Switzerland
Collection date: 1885 or earlier
Depth: 30-60 m
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Léman.

Lake Geneva (Genfer, Genfersees, Ginevra, Geneve, Leman, Lac Léman, Lemano), Switzerland
Collection date: 1885 or earlier
Depth: 150 m
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Léman.

Lake Geneva (Genfer, Genfersees, Ginevra, Geneve, Leman, Lac Léman, Lemano), Switzerland
Collection date: 1897 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Léman. Litoral und Tiefe.

Cantons de Vaud (Kanton Waadt), Switzerland
Collection date: 1897 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Stehende Kleingewässer der Cantons de Vaud und de Geneve.

Veyrier, Switzerland
Collection date: 1900 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Veyrier und Vieusseux (auf französischem Gebiet) in der Umgebung dieser Stadt.

Geneve (Genf, Ginevra, Geneva), Switzerland
Collection date: 1900 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Botanischer Garten in Geneve.

Saint Blaise, Switzerland
Collection date: 1906 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Loclat (Lac de St-Blaise) bei Neuchatel.

Neuchâtel (Neuchatel, Neuenburg), Switzerland
Collection date: 1906 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Tümpel auf dem Pouillerel (Neuchateler Jura, 1240 m ü. M.).

Zurich (Zürich), Switzerland
Collection date: 1895 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Umgebung von Zürich (Sümpfe bei Altstätten).

Lago Maggiore (Verbano, Majeur, Locarno, Langensee), Switzerland
Collection date: 1911 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Teich bei Locarno am Lago Maggiore.

Bönigen (Bonigen), Switzerland
Collection date: 1907 or earlier
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Sümpfe bei Bönigen unweit des Brienzer Sees.

Brienzersee (Brienzer See, Lake of Brienz), Switzerland
Collection date: 1907 or earlier
Depth: 100 m
Salin: freshwater
Comments: Sümpfe bei Bönigen unweit des Brienzer Sees.

Nord-Ostsee-Kanal (Nord-Ostseekanal, Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal, Kieler Kanal, Kiel Canal), Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Collection date: 1951
Salin: brackish
Comments: Eine Brackwasser Lebensgemeinschaft an Holzpfählen des Nord-Ostsee Kanals.

Albufera de Valencia (Albufera, La Albufera), Spain
Collection date: Sep 1929

Langskar (Långskär), Finish Gulf, Finland
Collection date: 1902 or earlier
Comments: Das Vorkommen dieser Art bei Helsingfors habe ich früher gelegentlich erwähnt. Auch in einem Tümpel (N:o 7) auf der Insel Långskår bei Tvårminne habe M. hytrix gefunden.

New York, USA
Collection date: 1940 or earlier

Norfolk, Virginia, USA
Collection date: 1941 or earlier
Kind: default type

Greifswald, Germany
Collection date: 1848 or earlier
Comments: Ich habe wie O. Fabricius diese von anderen Forschern nur im süssen Wasser beobachtete Art sehr häufig in der Ostsee am flachen Strande und in einer Tiefe von einigen Fussen zusammen mit Monocelis agilis, Microstomum lineare und Vortex balticus anget
  • Ax P. 1952. index card avail.
     . Eine Brackwasser-Lebensgemeinschaft an Holzpfaehlen des Nord-Ostsee-Kanals. Kieler Meeresforschungen 8:229-242,2 tab.
  • Beklemischev VN. 1927. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Über die Turbellarienfauna des Aralsees. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur Morphologie und zum System der Dalyelliida. Zool Jahrb Abt Syst Oekol Geogr Tiere 54: 87-138.
  • Beneden E van. 1870. index card avail.
     . Étude zoologique et anatomique du genre Macrostomum et description de deux espèces nouvelles. Bulletins de l'Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique 30:116-133 + l plate.
  • Butschinsky P. 1900.  abstract/note. Die Metazoenfauna der Salzseelimane bei Odessa. Zoolog. Anz. 23: 495. Leipzig 1900.
  • Du Plessis G. 1879.  abstract/note. Sur quelques nouveaux Turbellariés de la faune profonde du lac Léman. 5 sér. (Bull. Soc. Vaud. 16) Lausanne 1879. pages 157-160. (Sep. 447-450).
  • Du Plessis G. 1885.  abstract/note. Essai sur la faune profonde des lacs de la Suisse. Neue Denkschr. allg. schweiz. Gesellsch. ges. Naturwiss. (Basel). Bd. 29, 63 pages.
  • Du Plessis G. 1897.  abstract/note. Turbellaires des Cantons de Vaud et de Genève. Étude faunistique. Revue suisse de Zoologie. Tom. 5. 1897-1898. Genève 1897. pages 119-140.
  • Ferguson FF. 1939-1940. index card avail.
    abstract/note. A monograph of the genus Macrostomum O. Schmidt 1848. 8 Parts. Zool Anz 126 :7-20; 127: 131-144; 128: 49-68. 188-205, 274-291; 129: 21-48, 120-146, 244-266.
  • Fuhrmann O. 1894. index card avail.
     . Die Turbellarien der Umgebung von Basel. Inaugural-Dissertation. Rev Suisse Zool 2: 213-292.
  • Fuhrmann O. 1900.  abstract/note. Note sur les Turbellaries des environs de Geneve. Revue Suisse de Zool 7: 717-731, Tab. 23.
  • Gieysztor M. 1926.  abstract/note. Über die Rhabdocoelidenfauna aus der Umgebung von Warschau. Ext Bull. Acad. Polonais des Sci Letters. Classe Sc. Math. et Nat. Sér. B, 617-671, t. 17-19.
  • Gieysztor M. 1931. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Contribution à la connaissance des Turbellariés Rhabdocoèles (Turbellaria Rhabdocoela) d'Espagne. Bull int Acad Polonaise Sci Lett, Classe Sci Math Nat B 2: 125-153, Plates 13-14.
  • Hofsten N v. 1907. index card avail.
     . Studien über Turbellarien aus dem Berner Oberland. Z wiss Zool 85: 391-654, t. 27-28. Auch Inaug. Diss. Uppsala mit Paginierung 1-269.
  • Hofsten N v. 1911.   . Neue Beobactungen ueber die Rhabdocoelen und Alloecoelen der Schweiz. Zool Bidr Uppsala 1: 1-84.
  • Jones ER Jr, Ferguson FF. 1941.   . Studies on the turbellarian fauna of the Norfolk area. VI. Anatomy of Macrostomum appendiculatum var. stirewalti, new variety. J Elisha Mitchell Sci Soc 57:53-56.
  • Keller J. 1894.   . Die ungeschlechtliche Fortpflanzung der Süßwasserturbellarien. Jena Z Naturw 28: 370-407.
  • Luther A. 1902.   . Über das Vorkommen von Alderia modesta bei Helsingfors. Meddel. af Soc. pro Fauna et Flora Fennica. Vol 28 B. p. 41-44.
  • Luther A. 1905.   . Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Macrostoma. Festschr Palmen, Helsingfors 5:1-61.
  • Luther A. 1947. index card avail.
     . Untersuchungen an rhabdocoelen Turbellarien VI. Macrostomiden aus Finnland. Acta Zool Fenn 49:1-38.
  • Mack-Fira V. 1974. index card avail.
     . The turbellarian fauna of the Romanian littoral waters of the Black Sea and its annexes. In: N.W. Riser & M.P. Morse, Biology of Turbellaria. McGraw-Hill, New York: 248-290.
  • Nasonov NV. 1923.   . La fauna des Turbellaria de la Toundra de la peninsule de Kola aux environs de la ville Alexandrovsk. C.R.Acad.Sc.Russie. 75-77.
  • Nasonov NV. 1926. index card avail.
    abstract/note. Die Turbellarienfauna des Leningrader Gouvernements. [The Turbellaria of the Leningrad Province]. Bull.Acad.Sc.URSS p. 817-884, t II.
  • Papi F. 1951.  abstract/note. Ricerche sui Turbellari Macrostomidae. Arch Zool Ital 36:289-341.
  • Pereyaslawzewa S. 1892. index card avail.
     . Monographie des turbellaries de la Mer Noire. Schrift neuruss naturf Ges 17(3):xx + 303 pp + 16 pl.
  • Schultze Max. 1851. index card avail.
     . Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Turbellarien. Greifswald. 78 pp, 7 plates.
  • Steinböck O. 1948. index card avail.
     . Freshwater turbellaria. The Zoology of Iceland, Vol. II, part 10, 40 p.
  • Thiébaud M, Favre J. 1906.  abstract/note. Sur la faune invertébrée des mares de Pouillerel. Zoolog. Anz. 30: 155-163. Leipzig 1906.
  • Thiébaud M. 1906.  abstract/note. Sur la faune invertébrée du lac de St. Blaise. Zoolog. Anz. 29: 797-801. Leipzig 1906.
  • Wassilieff E. 1891.  abstract/note. Die Turbellaria rhabdocoela der Umgebung von Warschau. Sitzungsprotokoll d. biolog. Abth. d. Warschauer Ges. d. Naturforscher. 3. Jahrg. 1891. No. 4 u. 5. Warschau 1892. pag.
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Source: Turbellarian Taxonomic Database

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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Macrostomum appendiculatum Fabricius
Catalog Number: USNM 20449
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Slide
Locality: Charlottesville, University Of Virginia, Golf Course Pond, Albemarle County, Virginia, United States
  • Paratype:
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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