The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. (2004). "Molecular phylogeny of the Platyhelminthes". Canadian Journal of Zoology 82 (2): 168. doi:10.1139/z03-214.
  • Barnes, Robert D. (1982). Invertebrate Zoology. Philadelphia, PA: Holt-Saunders International. p. 229. ISBN 0-03-056747-5
  • Brusca, R. C., & Brusca G. J. (2003). Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer.
  • Edgecombe, G. D.; Giribet, G.; Dunn, C. W.; Hejnol, A.; Kristensen, R. M.; Neves, R. C.; Rouse, G. W.; Worsaae, K. et al. (2011). "Higher-level metazoan relationships: Recent progress and remaining questions". Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11 (2): 151. doi:10.1007/s13127-011-0044-4
  • Fujikura K, Lindsay D, Kitazato H, Nishida S, Shirayama. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11836. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011836
  • Maxmen, A. (2011). "Evolution: A can of worms". Nature 470 (7333): 161–162. Bibcode 2011Natur.470..161M. doi:10.1038/470161a. PMID 21307912.
  • Mwinyi, A.; Bailly, X.; Bourlat, S. J.; Jondelius, U.; Littlewood, D. T. J.; Podsiadlowski, L. (2010). "The phylogenetic position of Acoela as revealed by the complete mitochondrial genome of Symsagittifera roscoffensis". BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 309. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-309
  • Petrov, A.; Hooge, M.; Tyler, S. (2006). "Comparative morphology of the bursal nozzles in acoels (Acoela, Acoelomorpha)". Journal of Morphology 267 (5): 634–648. doi:10.1002/jmor.10428. PMID 16485278.
  • Philippe, H.; Brinkmann, H.; Copley, R. R.; Moroz, L. L.; Nakano, H.; Poustka, A. J.; Wallberg, A.; Peterson, K. J. et al. (2011). "Acoelomorph flatworms are deuterostomes related to Xenoturbella". Nature 470 (7333): 255-258. Bibcode 2011Natur.470..255P. doi:10.1038/nature09676.
  • Tyler, S. (2014). Acoelomorpha. In: Tyler, Seth; Artois Tom World list of Acoelomorpha. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Wallberg, A.; Curini-Galletti, M.; Ahmadzadeh, A.; Jondelius, U. (2007). "Dismissal of Acoelomorpha: Acoela and Nemertodermatida are separate early bilaterian clades". Zoologica Scripta 36 (5): 509. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2007.00295.x.


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