Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||2||Public Records:||2|
|Specimens with Sequences:||2||Public Species:||1|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||2||Public BINs:||0|
|Species With Barcodes:||1|
Acanthephippium is a genus of orchid with twelve species (family Orchidaceae). The name of this genus is derived from the Greek words acanthos ("spiny") and ephippion ("saddle"), referring to the saddle-like labellum of the plants.
The terrestrial species are up to 80 cm tall. They have short rhizomes. The oblong and fleshy pseudobulbs are up to 25 cm tall. They produce at their apex 2 to 3 large plicate, lanceolate, parallel-veined leaves, which can be up to 65 cm long.
The erect inflorescence arises laterally from the pseudobulbs, with 3 to 6 flowers, subtended by large, glabrous bracts. The flowers are prominent, large, striated cup- or urn-shaped, fleshy, waxy, and about 4 cm long. They resemble a tulip, a most unusual shape for an orchid. The flowers have a wide range of colors, from dull yellow to red to shades of orange and pink, marked with stripes or spots. The blossoms are usually odiferous with a very strong fragrance.
- Acanthephippium bicolor (S. India, Sri Lanka, New Guinea).
- Acanthephippium chrysoglossum (W. Sumatra).
- Acanthephippium curtisii (Borneo - Sarawak).
- Acanthephippium eburneum (N. Sumatra, Borneo - Sarawak).
- Acanthephippium gougahensis (Thailand, Vietnam).
- Acanthephippium javanicum (W. Malaysia, Borneo, Java, Sumatra, New Guinea). (type species; commonly grown)
- Acanthephippium lilacinum (N. Borneo).
- Acanthephippium mantinianum (Philippines) (commonly grown)
- Acanthephippium parviflorum (Vietnam, S. Sumatra to Java).
- Acanthephippium sinense (China)
- Acanthephippium splendidum (Sulawesi to SW. Pacific, New Guinea).
- Acanthephippium striatum (E. Himalaya to Java). (commonly grown)
- Acanthephippium sylhetense (Sikkim to Philippines)