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Martialia hyadesi was originally described from a single specimen in 1882 and redescribed in 1990 (Rodhouse and Yearman, 1990). By 1986, twenty thousand tons of M. hyadesi were taken as bycatch in the Illex argentinus fishery. M. hyadesi is a moderate-sized ommastrephid reaching a maximum size of at least 319 mm ML.
The specific name of M. hyadesi presumably reflects that of the ship's surgeon on Charcot's ship the POUQUOIS PAS whose name was Hyades and whose ability to cure mal de mer was revered.
Figure. Dorsal and ventral views of M. hyadesi. Drawings from Rodhouse and Yeatman (1990).
A member of the Todarodinae with ...
- tentacular club extending nearly to base of tentacle and not expanded.
- well developed trabeculae associated with reduced protective membranes on arms and tentacles.