The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cook, D.R. 1974. Water mite genera and subgenera. Mem. Amer. Entomol. Inst. 21: 1-860.
  • Garga, N. 1996. Aposematism in water mites (Acari: Hydracarina): an antipretador defense mechanism, a phylogenetic hold-over and protection fromdamaging light. M.Sc. thesis, Queen's University, Kingston.
  • H. M. Wilbur, Competition, predation, and the structure of the Ambystoma-Rana sylvatica community, Ecology 53:3-21, from p. 14 (1972).
  • Harvey, M.S. (1998). The Australian water mites: a guide to the families and genera. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.
  • Hydracarina
  • Kerfoot, W.C. 1982. A question of taste: crypsis and warning coloration in freshwater zooplankton communities. Ecology 63: 538-554.
  • Proctor, H. and G. Pritchard. 1989. Neglected predators: water mites (Acari: Parasitengona: Hydrachnellae) in freshwater communities. J. N.Amer. Benthol. Soc. 8: 100-111.
  • Proctor, H.C. 1991. The evolution of copulation in water mites: a comparative test for nonreversing characters. Evolution 45: 558-567.
  • Proctor, H.C. 1992. Mating and spermatophore morphology of water mites(Acari: Parasitengona). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 106:341-384.
  • Smit, H. (2015). Hydrachnidia. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Smith, B.P. 1998. Loss of larval parasitism in parasitengonine mites. Exp. appl. Acarol. 22: 187-199.
  • Smith, I.M. and D.R. Cook. 1991. Water mites. pp. 523-592 in: J.H. Thorp and A.P. Covich (eds.) Ecology and classification of North American freshwater invertebrates. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Welbourn, W.C. 1991. Phylogenetic studies of the terrestrial Parasitengona. pp. 163-170 in: F. Dusbabek and V. Bukva (eds.) Modern acarology, Vol. 2. Academia, Prague, and SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.
  • Witte, H. 1991. Indirect sperm transfer in prostigmatid mites from a phylogenetic viewpoint. pp. 137-176 in: R. Schuster and P.W. Murphy (eds.) The Acari: reproduction, development and life-history strategies. Chapman & Hall, London.


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