The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Heie, O. E. 1987. Palaeontology and phylogeny. In. Aphids: Their biology, natural enemies, and control, vol 2A. Eds. A. K. Minks and P. Harrewijn. Elsevier, Amsterdam. pp. 367-391.
  • Heie, O. E. 1994. Aphid ecology in the past and a new view on the evolution of Macrosiphini. In. Individuals, Populations and Patterns in Ecology. Eds. S. R. Leather et al. Intercept, Andover. pp. 409-418.
  • Heie, O. E. and E. Pike. 1992. New aphids in Cretaceous amber from Alberta (Inecta: Homoptera). Canadian Entomologist 124:1027-1053.


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