The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Braun, E. L. and R. T. Kimball. 2002. Examining basal avian divergences with mitochondrial sequences: model complexity, taxon sampling, and seqeunce length. Syst. Biol. 51:614-625.
  • Christidis, L. and W. Boles. 2008. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian Birds. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, Australia.
  • Chubb, A. L. 2004. New nuclear evidence for the oldest divergence among neognath birds: the phylogenetic utility of ZENK. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 30:140-151.
  • Cooper, A. and D. Penny. 1997. Mass survival of birds across the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary: Molecular evidence. Science 275:1109-1113.
  • Cracraft, J. 1981. Toward a phylogenetic classification of birds of the world (class Aves). Auk 98: 681-714.
  • Cracraft, J. 1988. The major clades of birds. In The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods. (M. J. Benton, ed.), Systematics Assoc. Special Vol. No. 35A, pp. 333-355. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Cracraft, J. 2001. Avian evolution, Gondwana biogeography and the Cretaceous-Tertiary mass extinction event. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 268B:459-469.
  • Cracraft, J. and J. Clarke. 2001. The basal clades of modern birds. Pp. 143-156 in New perspectives on the origin and early evolution of birds (J. Gauthier and L. F. Gall, eds.). Peabody Museum of Natural History, Yale University, New Haven, CT.
  • Cracraft, J., F. Keith Barker, M. J. Braun, J. Harshman, G. Dyke, J. Feinstein, S. Stanley, A. Cibois, P. Schikler, P. Beresford, J. García-Moreno, M. D. Sorenson, T. Yuri, and D. P. Mindell. 2004. Phylogenetic Relationships Among Modern Birds (Neornithes): Toward an Avian Tree of Life. Pp 468-489 in Cracraft, J. and M. J. Donoghue (eds.), Assembling the Tree of Life. Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Cracraft, J., and D. P. Mindell. 1989. The early history of modern birds: a comparison of molecular and morphological evidence. In The Hierarchy of Life. (B. Fernholm, K. Bremer and H. Jörnvall, eds.), Proc. of Nobel Symposia, pp. 389-403. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam.
  • Dyke GJ, Van Tuinen M. 2004. The evolutionary radiation of modern birds (Neornithes): reconciling molecules, morphology and the fossil record. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 141: 153-177.
  • Edwards, S. V., B. Fertil, A. Giron, and P. J. Deschavanne. 2002. A genomic schism in birds revealed by phylogenetic analysis of DNA strings. Syst. Biol. 51:599-613.
  • Edwards, S. V., W. B. Jennings and A. M. Shedlock. 2005. Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics. Proc. R. Soc. B 272:979–992.
  • Fain, M. G. and P. Houde. 2004. Parallel radiations in the primary clades of birds. Evolution 58:2558-2573.
  • Feduccia, A. 1999. The Origin and Evolution of Birds. 2nd edition. Yale University Press: New Haven.
  • García-Moreno, J. and D. P. Mindell. 2000. Using homologous genes on opposite sex chromosomes (gametologs) in phylogenetic analysis: a case study with avian CHD. Molecular Biology and Evolution 17:1826-1832.
  • García-Moreno, J., M. D. Sorenson and D. P. Mindell. 2003. Congruent avian phylogenies inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 57:27-37.
  • Gill, F. B. 1990. Ornithology. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York.
  • Gill, F. and M. Wright. 2006. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Groth, J. G. and G. F. Barrowclough. 1999. Basal divergences in birds and the phylogenetic utility of the nuclear RAG-1 gene. Mol. Phylog. Evol. 12: 115-123.
  • Harrison GL, McLenachan PA, Phillips MJ, Slack KE, Cooper A, Penny D. 2004. Four new avian mitochondrial genomes help get to basic evolutionary questions in the late Cretaceous. Mol.Phylogenet. Evol. 21:974-983.
  • Hedges, S. B., Parker, P. H., Sibley, C. G., and Kumar, S. 1996. Continental breakup and the ordinal diversification of birds and mammals. Nature 381: 226-229.
  • Hennig, W. 1966. Phylogenetic Systematics. Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana.
  • Härlid, A. and U. Arnason. 1999. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA nest ratite birds within the Neognathae: supporting a neotenous origin of ratite morphological characters. Proc. Roy. Soc. London 266B: 305-309.
  • Johnson, K. P. 2001. Taxon sampling and the phylogenetic position of Passeriformes: evidence from 916 avian cytochrome b sequences. Syst. Zool. 50:128-136.
  • Lee, K., J. Feinstein, and J. Cracraft. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of the ratite birds: resolving conflicts between molecular and morphological data sets. Pp. 173-211 in Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics (D. P. Mindell, ed.). Academic Press, New York.
  • Livezey, B. C. and R. L. Zusi. 2001. Higher-order phylogenetics of modern Aves based on comparative anatomy. Netherlands J. Zool. 51:179-205.
  • Livezey, B. C. and R. L. Zusi. 2007. Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves : Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149(1):1-95.
  • Mayr G, Clarke J. 2003. The deep divergences of neornithine birds: a phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters. Cladistics 19:527-553.
  • Mayr, E., and Cottrell, G. W. 1979. Revision of the Work of J. L. Peters: Check-list of Birds of the World, Vol. 1. Mus. of Comp. Zool., Cambridge.
  • Mayr, G. 2005. The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe. Biological Reviews 80(4):515-542.
  • Mayr, G. 2008. Avian higher-level phylogeny: well-supported clades and what we can learn from a phylogenetic analysis of 2954 morphological characters. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 46(1):63–72.
  • Mindell, D. P. (ed.). 1997. Avian molecular evolution and systematics. Academic Press: San Diego.
  • Mindell, D. P., M. D. Sorenson, C. J. Huddleston, H. C. Miranda, Jr., A. Knight, S. J. Sawchuk, and T. Yuri. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships among and within select avian orders based on mitochondrial DNA. Pp. 213-247 in Avian Molecular Evolution and Systematics (D. P. Mindell, ed.). Academic Press: San Diego.
  • Mindell, D. P., M. D. Sorenson, D. E. Dimcheff, M. Hasegawa, J. C. Ast, and T. Yuri. 1999. Interordinal relationships of birds and other reptiles based on whole mitochondrial genomes. Syst. Biol. 48: 138-152.
  • Olson, S. L. 1985. The fossil record of birds. In Avian Biology (D. S. Farner, J. R. King, and K. C. Parkes, eds.), Vol. 8, pp. 79-238. Academic Press, New York.
  • Paton, T., O. Haddrath, and A. J. Baker. 2002. Complete mitochondrial DNA genome sequences show that modern birds are not descended from transitional shorebirds. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. 269B:839-846.
  • Peters, J. L. 1931-1951. Check-list of Birds of the World, Vols. 1-7. Mus. of Comp. Zool., Cambridge.
  • Poe S, Chubb AL. 2004. Birds in a bush: Five genes indicate explosive evolution of avian orders. Evolution 58:404-415.
  • Rasmussen, P. C. and J. C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
  • Sheldon, F. H. and Bledsoe, A. H. 1993. Avian molecular systematics 1970s to 1990s. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 24: 243-278.
  • Sibley, C. G. 1994. On the phylogeny and classification of living birds. J. Avian Biol. 25: 87-92
  • Sibley, C. G. and Ahlquist, J. E. 1990. Phylogeny and classification of birds: a study in molecular evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Sibley, C. G., and B. L. Monroe, Jr. 1990. Distribution and taxonomy of birds of the world. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Slack, K.E. , F. Delsuc, P.A. McLenachan, U. Arnason and D. Penny. 2007. Resolving the root of the avian mitogenomic tree by breaking up long branches. Mol. Phylogen. Evol. 42:1–13.
  • Slack, K.E., A. Janke, D. Penny, and U. Arnason. 2003. Two new avian mitochondrial genomes (penguin and goose) and a summary of bird and reptile mitogenomic features. Gene 302:43-52.
  • Stanley, S. E. and J. Cracraft. 2002. Higher-level systematic analysis of birds: current problems and possible solutions. Pp. 31-43 in Molecular Systematics and Evolution: Theory and Practice (R. DeSalle, G. Giribet, and W. Wheeler, eds.). Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel.
  • Stettenheim, P. 1976. Structural adaptations in feathers. Proc. 16th International Ornithol. Congr.: 385-401.
  • Waddell, P. J., Y. Cao, M. Hasegawa, and D. P. Mindell. 1999. Assessing the Cretaceous superordinal divergence times within birds and placental mammals using whole mitochondrial protein sequences and an extended statistical framework. Systematic Biology 48:119-137.
  • Watson, D. M. 2005. Diagnosable versus distinct: Evaluating species limits in birds. Bioscience 55(1):60-68.
  • Wetmore, A. 1960. A classification for the birds of the world. Smiths. Misc. Coll. 139: 1-37.
  • van Tuinen M, Hadly EA. 2004. Error in estimation of rate and time inferred from the early amniote fossil record and avian molecular clocks. J. Mol. Evol. 59:267-276.
  • van Tuinen M, Hedges SB. 2004. The effect of external and internal fossil calibrations on the avian evolutionary timescale. J. Paleontol. 78:45-50.
  • van Tuinen, M., Sibley, C. G. & Hedges, S. B. 2000 The early history of modern birds inferred from DNA sequences of nuclear and mitochondrial ribosomal genes. Mol. Biol. Evol. 17: 451-457.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!