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Introduction

The superfamily Noctilionoidea includes four families: Mystacinidae, Noctilionidae, Mormoopidae, and Phyllostomidae. Mystacinidae and Noctilionidae each include one genus and two species, while Mormoopidae contains two genera and eight species (Koopman, 1993). In contrast, Phyllostomidae includes 48 genera and 138 species (Koopman, 1993), making it the third largest family within Chiroptera.

Food preference varies among taxa in Noctilionoidea, with species variably specialized to feed principally on insects, other animals (e.g., rodents, birds, and other bats), nectar, pollen, fruit, or blood. Many of these bats have unusally facial ornimentation, including nose-leafs, leaf-chin flaps, swollen lips and other projections in the labio-nasal region.

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