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Introduction

Among the most bizarre and enigmatic tetrapods of the Carboniferous period are the baphetids (formerly known as loxommatids, see Milner and Lindsay (1998)). Though their skulls are not uncommon, there is little yet known about their postcrania. Baphetids were among the first of the Carboniferous fossil tetrapods to be found and were originally described in 1850 by William Dawson. They ranged from the Late Mississippian to the Middle Pennsylvanian, a period of about 35 million years. Most specimens come from Scotland and northern England (Beaumont 1977).

Figure 1. Skull of Kyrinion martilli, a recently discovered baphetid from the north east coast of England. Hancock Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. Copyright © 1997 Hancock Museum.

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