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Sanguisorba

Sanguisorba is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rosaceae native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. The common name is burnet.

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Description[edit]

The plants are perennial herbs or small shrubs. The stems grow to 50-200 cm tall and have a cluster of basal leaves, with further leaves arranged alternately up the stem. The leaves are pinnate, 5-30 cm long, with 7-25 leaflets, the leaflets with a serrated margin. Young leaves grow from the crown in the center of the plant. The flowers are small, produced in dense clusters 5-20 mm long; each flower has four very small petals, white to red in colour.

Species[edit]

There are about 30 species, including:[1][2]

Ecology[edit]

Sanguisorba minor is a food plant for the larvae of the Grizzled Skipper (Pyrgus malvae) and the Mouse Moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis).

Cultivation and uses[edit]

Burnets are cultivated as garden plants. Many cultivars have been bred, especially from S. officinalis. S. canadensis is grown for its white flowers on stems that well exceed a meter tall. The plants hybridize easily, producing new mixes.[3] S. obtusa is valued for its foliage of pink-edged, gray-green leaves.[4]

S. officinalis is used medicinally in Asia to treat gastrointestinal conditions and bleeding.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sanguisorba. Flora of China.
  2. ^ GRIN Species Records of Sanguisorba. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  3. ^ Sutton, J. Sanguisorba in Cultivation. The Plantsman. Royal Horticultural Society. June, 2007. 78-83.
  4. ^ Bourne, V. How to grow: Sanguisorba. The Daily Telegraph September 21, 2002.
  5. ^ Choi, J., et al. (2012). ZYM-201 sodium succinate ameliorates streptozotocin-induced hyperlipidemic conditions. Planta Medica 78(1) 12-17.

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