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The plants are perennial herbs or small shrubs. The stems grow to 50-200 cm tall and have a cluster of basal leaves, with further leaves arranged alternately up the stem. The leaves are pinnate, 5-30 cm long, with 7-25 leaflets, the leaflets with a serrated margin. Young leaves grow from the crown in the center of the plant. The flowers are small, produced in dense clusters 5-20 mm long; each flower has four very small petals, white to red in colour.
- Sanguisorba albanica
- Sanguisorba alpina
- Sanguisorba ancistroides
- Sanguisorba annua - annual burnet, prairie burnet, western burnet
- Sanguisorba applanata
- Sanguisorba armena
- Sanguisorba canadensis - Canadian burnet, white burnet
- Sanguisorba caucasica
- Sanguisorba cretica
- Sanguisorba diandra
- Sanguisorba dodecandra - Italian burnet
- Sanguisorba filiformis
- Sanguisorba hakusanensis - Hakusan burnet
- Sanguisorba hybrida
- Sanguisorba magnifica
- Sanguisorba menendezii - Canary Islands burnet
- Sanguisorba menziesii
- Sanguisorba minor - salad burnet, garden burnet, little burnet
- Sanguisorba obtusa - Japanese burnet
- Sanguisorba officinalis - great burnet, burnet bloodwort, salad burnet
- Sanguisorba stipulata
- Sanguisorba tenuifolia - Asian burnet
Cultivation and uses
Burnets are cultivated as garden plants. Many cultivars have been bred, especially from S. officinalis. S. canadensis is grown for its white flowers on stems that well exceed a meter tall. The plants hybridize easily, producing new mixes. S. obtusa is valued for its foliage of pink-edged, gray-green leaves.
- Sanguisorba. Flora of China.
- GRIN Species Records of Sanguisorba. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
- Sutton, J. Sanguisorba in Cultivation. The Plantsman. Royal Horticultural Society. June, 2007. 78-83.
- Bourne, V. How to grow: Sanguisorba. The Daily Telegraph September 21, 2002.
- Choi, J., et al. (2012). ZYM-201 sodium succinate ameliorates streptozotocin-induced hyperlipidemic conditions. Planta Medica 78(1) 12-17.
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