The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bailey, L.H. & E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third i–xiv, 1–1290. MacMillan, New York.
  • Campbell, C.S., and Doucette, E. 2011. Amelanchier systematics and evolution. University of Maine website. Retrieved 17 November 2011 from
  • Gleason, H.A., and A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. Bronx, NY: New York Botanical Garden. Pp. 268–270.
  • Illustriertes Handbuch der Laubholzkunde 1: 731. 1906. (Ill. Handb. Laubholzk.)
  • Interactive Flora of Northwest Europe. 2011. Amelanchier lamarckii (Juneberry). Retrieved 17 November 2011 from
  • Kabuce, A., and N. Priede. 2011. NOBANIS – Invasive Alien Species Fact Sheet – Amelanchier spicata. From: Online Database of the North European and Baltic Network on Invasive Alien Species. NOBANIS. Retrieved 17 November 2011 from
  • Keeler, H. 1969. Our Northern Shrubs and how to identify them. New York: Dover. Pp. 192–7.
  • Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife & plants a guide to wildlife food habits: the use of trees, shrubs, weeds, and herbs by birds and mammals of the United States. Prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of Interior. New York: Dover. Pp. 323–4.
  • Molina Rosito, A. 1975. Enumeración de las plantas de Honduras. Ceiba 19(1): 1–118.
  • Philosophische Botanik 1: 135, 155. 1789. (Apr 1789) (Philos. Bot.)
  • R. D. Bird, Biotic communities of the Aspen Parkland of central Canada, Ecology, 11:356-442, from p. 406 (1930).
  • Soper, J.H., and M.L. Heimburger. 1990. Shrubs of Ontario. Toronto: Royal Ontario Museum. Pp. 152¬–167.
  • Wikipedia. 2011. "Amelanchier." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 30 Aug 2011, 00:16 UTC. 31 Oct 2011.


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