“Paralomis birsteini sp. n. (Figs. 4, 5a-e)
Paralomis spectabilis; Birstein & Vinogradov 1967, p.390, figs. 1,2 (not Hansen 1908).
Holotype. USNM 228830, ♀; LC = 55mm; MW = 53mm. USARP, Eltanin Cruise 27, Sta. 1946, 2 Feb 1967, 67°29'S, 179°55'W, 1080m.
Paratypes. ZMUM 2518, 2 ♂ ♂; LC= 67, 68mm; MW = 67, 74mm; 3 ♂ ♂ (broken). R/S Ob, Sta. 377, 1 Apr. 1958, 67°23'S, 179°53'W, 500-900m.
Carapace somewhat pentagonal in its contour, as long as broad, dorsal surface covered with granules of small size and several spines. Gastric region convex, more prominent than other areas. One unpaired spine in front of central portion, 3 pairs of shorter spines out towards lateral margins. Cardiac region, separated from gastric one by deep transverse furrow, with 2 pairs of small spines. Branchial region with 1 small spine near cervical groove, 1, more acute, in center of area, and 2 near postero-lateral angle.
Rostrum terminating in 1 median inferior and 2 lateral superior spines, surpassing end of eyes. Median lower spine weakly curved upward, without granules on its ventral side; dorsal pair more curved and directly obliquely upward.
Post-ocular spine small, not surpassing end of eyes. First antero-lateral spine strong. Carapace margins with 5-6 spines of different sizes on anterior half and 4 on postero-lateral angle. Some small spines on posterior margin.
Eye stalks with several dorsal granules near cornea. First segment of antennal peduncle with 1 small spine on outer border. Second segment with 1 strong spine and 1 small tubercle on outer margin. Acicle with single strong terminal spine, not surpassing end of antennal peduncle. One or two smaller spines on outer margin and 1-2 very small spinules on inner side.
Chelipeds subequal in length, right stouter than left. Merus and carpus armed with several spines, stronger on dorsal margin. Hands with small spines on dorsal edge. Several granules on surface of articles. Tufts of hairs on fingers.
Walking legs long, slender and depressed. Third leg more than 2 times length of carapace, shorter than first and second. Merus of third leg 1.7 times as long as carpus and 4-5 times as long as broad. About 10-12 distinct spines present on anterior margin, 6-8 smaller on posterior edge. Carpus only with a row of spines (9-10) on anterior margin. Propodus usually 5 times as long as broad and 0.8 times length of merus, with 9-11 spines on anterior border and 6-7 on posterior one. Several spines on dorsal surface of merus, carpus and propodus, being smaller on last article. Ventral margins smooth. Dactylus longer than propodus, with small spines on proximal portion and a row of 12-15 spinules on posterior margin.
Abdominal segments covered with granules of different sizes. Small spines on external edges of second segment. One small dimple on either side of median line. Marginal plates of segments 3-5 not subdivided, not fused with lateral ones.
This species is dedicated in homage to Dr Y. A. Birstein from the Department of Invertebrate Zoology of the State University of Moscow, for his important contributions to the knowledge of the Lithodidae.
Among the known species of the genus, P. spectabilis Hansen, 1908 (North Atlantic) is the closest kin of the new species. P. spectabilis is, however, distinguished from P. birsteini in the following ways.
In P. spectabilis (1) the rostrum is slightly pedunculated, (2) the dactylus of the walking legs is shorter than the propodus and (3) the acicle has the inner border smooth (Figs. 5f—h). In contrast to these features, in P. birsteini (1) the rostrum is not pedunculated, (2) the ambulatory legs are much more slender and the dactylus is longer than the propodus and (3) the acicle has 1-2 small spines on the inner margin.”
- Kirkwood, J.M. 1984. A guide to the Decapoda of the Southern Ocean. ANARE Res. Notes, 11:1-47. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1732
- Ahyong, S.T. and E.W. Dawson. 2006. Lithodidae from the Ross Sea, Antarctica, with descriptions of two new species (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa 1303: 45-68. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1903
- Arana, P.M. and M. Retamal. 1999. Nueva distribucion de Paralomis birsteini Macpherson, 1988 en agues antarticas (Anomura, Lithodidae, Lithodinae). Investigaciones Marinas, Valparaiso 27:101-110. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1904
- Birstein, Y.A. and L.G. Vinogradov. 1967. Occurance of Paralomis spectabilis Hansen (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura) in the Antarctic Explorations of the fauna of the sea. IV (XII). Biology Results of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition 3: 390-398. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1635
- Macpherson, E. 1988. Three new species of Paralomis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, Lithodidae) from the Pacific and Antarctic Oceans. Zoologica Scripta. 17(1):69-75. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1639
- Zaklan, S. 2002. Review of the family Lithodidae (Crustacea: Anomura: Paguroidea): distribution, biology and fisheries. Crabs in cold water regions: biology, management, and economics. University of Alaska Sea Grant Program. Fairbanks, Alaska. http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/taxon_view.cfm?mode=bibliography&citation=1905
- Ahyong, S.T. 2010. The marine fauna of New Zealand: king crabs of New Zealand, Australia and the Ross Sea (Crustacea: Decapoda: Lithodidae). NIWA biodiversity memoir, (123) http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=sourcedetails&id=145209
Catalog Number: USNM 228830
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): University of Southern California
Year Collected: 1967
Locality: Scott Island Bank, Antarctica, Antarctic Ocean
Depth (m): 1080 to 1080
Vessel: Eltanin R/V
- Holotype: Macpherson, E. 1988. Three new species of Paralomis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, LithodidaeI from the Pacific and Antarctic Oceans. Zool. Scr. 17 (1): 69-75.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.
Depth range (m): 1080 - 1080
Temperature range (°C): 0.992 - 0.992
Nitrate (umol/L): 32.751 - 32.751
Salinity (PPS): 34.723 - 34.723
Oxygen (ml/l): 4.578 - 4.578
Phosphate (umol/l): 2.191 - 2.191
Silicate (umol/l): 115.024 - 115.024
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Paralomis birsteini
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1