Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is present throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from east Africa to Hawaii, excluding French Polynesia, the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology

This species is found in the intertidal area to depths of about 240 m. It is found on a large variety of substrates, including subtidal reef flats, sand, coral rock, with algae or in holes and crevices. It is vermivorous, feeding on eunicid and nereid polychaetes. Adults can grow to 98 mm, although they will typically be smaller than this (Röckel et al. 1995).


Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 12 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 6 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 69
  Temperature range (°C): 23.246 - 26.803
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.218
  Salinity (PPS): 34.975 - 35.568
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.666 - 4.822
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.161
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 1.251

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 69

Temperature range (°C): 23.246 - 26.803

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.090 - 0.218

Salinity (PPS): 34.975 - 35.568

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.666 - 4.822

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.131 - 0.161

Silicate (umol/l): 1.005 - 1.251
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Kohn, A.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Poppe, G.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is present throughout most of the Indo-Pacific from east Africa to Hawaii, excluding French Polynesia, the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal. This species is wide ranging, abundant in the wild and has no obvious threats. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is very common throughout its range.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known material threats to this species at this time.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species. It probably occurs in many marine protected areas throughout its range.
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Wikipedia

Conus capitaneus

Conus capitaneus, common name the captain cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

The size of an adult shell varies between 50 mm and 98 mm. Its low spire is striate, flamed with chocolate and white. The body whorl is yellowish, or orange-brown, encircled by rows of chestnut dots, usually stained chocolate at the base. There is a central white band, with chocolate hierogtyphic markings on either side, and a shoulder-band, crossed by chocolate smaller longitudinal markings. The aperture is white.[2]

Distribution

This marine species occurs in the Indian Ocean along Madagascar, the Mascarene Basin, Mauritius and Tanzania; and in the Indo-West Pacific (along Hawaii, Samoa, Tonga, Japan to Australia),

References

  1. ^ a b Conus capitaneus Linnaeus, 1758.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  2. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology, vol. VI, p. 40; 1879
  • Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition
  • Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
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