Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is wide ranging, occurring in East Africa and Madgascar, and throughout the Western and Central Pacific; including the Hawaiian islands. The subspecies C. b. pongo occurs from East Africa to Western Thailand (Rockel et al. 1995). The species is rare in Polynesia except around the Marquesas (Touitou 2008).

The EOO, AOO, and number of locations for this species exceed the criteria for B1, B2, and D2 classification.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species can be found in intertidal habitats on coral rubble, coral, muddy sand, and gravel, down to depths of 240 m. It is most commonly found at depths of 50 m (Rockel et al. 1995). The typical adult size for shells of this species is between 45-82 mm in length (Rockel et al. 1995).

This cone snail feeds on fish and molluscs and is preyed upon by skates and sting rays (Duda and Palumbi 2001). Much less is known of the ecology of C. b. pongo. They occur in shallower depths of the range.

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 71 - 71
  Temperature range (°C): 23.159 - 23.159
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.260 - 0.260
  Salinity (PPS): 35.631 - 35.631
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.812 - 4.812
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.176 - 0.176
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.448 - 1.448
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Conus bullatus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

ACATTGTATATTTTATTTGGAATATGATCAGGTCTGGTTGGAACGGCCTTA---AGGCTCTTGATTCGTGCGGAATTAGGACAACCTGGTGCTTTGCTCGGAGAT---GATCAGTTATATAATGTGATTGTAACGGCTCATGCCTTTGTTATAATTTTTTTCTTAGTAATACCTATAATGATTGGCGGTTTTGGAAACTGGCTGGTACCTTTAATA---TTGGGAGCTCCAGATATGGTATTTCCTCGATTGAATAATATGAGTTTTTGGCTCCTTCCTCCTGCGCTTTTACTTCTTCTGTCTTCGGCTGCAGTAGAAAGCGGGGTAGGTACAGGTTGAACTGTATATCCTCCCTTGGCAGGAAACCTGGCACATGCTGGTGGTTCTGTAGATCTG---GCAATTTTTTCTTTACATCTTGCTGGTGTTTCTTCTATTTTAGGTGCAGTAAATTTTATTACTACAATTATTAACATACGATGACAAGGGATGAAATTTGAGCGTCTTTCTTTGTTTGTATGATCGGTAAAGATTACAGCAATTTTGCTTCTTTTATCTCTACCTGTCTTAGCGGGT---GCTATTACTATGCTTTTGACTGATCGGAACTTTAATACTGCTTTCTTTGATCCAGCAGGAGG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus bullatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Veldsman, S.G.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Raybaudi-Massilia, G.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is wide ranging, occurring in East Africa and Madgascar, and throughout the Western and Central Pacific; including the Hawaiian islands. The subspecies C. b. pongo occurs from East Africa to Western Thailand. This species has no threats to its population at the current time. It has therefore been listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no population data for this species in the literature. C. b. pongo is much scarcer than C. b. bullatus (G. Raybaudi and S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known material threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus bullatus

Conus bullatus, common name the bubble cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Description[edit]

The size of an adult shell varies between 42 mm and 82 mm. The thin shell is inflated and grooved below. The color of the shell is white, clouded with orange-red and chestnut, forming two ill-defined bands, with indistinct revolving rows of white and chestnut articulations. The aperture is pink.[3]

Distribution[edit]

This species occurs in the Indian Ocean along the Mascarene Basin[2] and Mauritius;[2] in the Indo-West Pacific (the Philippines, New Caledonia)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, 10th ed., 1
  2. ^ a b c d Conus bullatus Linnaeus, 1758.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 13 July 2011.
  3. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology, vol. VI, p. 87; 1879
  • Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp
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