Depth range (m): 0.5 - 68
Depth range (m): 0.5 - 68
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Clibanarius erythropus
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Clibanarius erythropus
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
Clibanarius erythropus is a species of hermit crab that lives in rockpools and sublittoral waters. It is found in the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and eastern Atlantic Ocean from the Azores to Brittany, and as far north as the Channel Islands. Individuals may grow up to a carapace length of 15 millimetres (0.6 in).
Ecology[edit source | edit]
A variety of different gastropod shells are used by C. erythropus, the most frequent being Littorina striata, Mitra, Nassarius incrassatus and Stramonita haemastoma, which collectively account for 85% of all individuals studies in the Azores; in the Mediterranean, shells of Cerithium, Alvania montagui and Pisania maculosa are most used by C. erythropus.
Like other hermit crabs, C. erythropus feeds on "organic debris, decayed and fresh macro-algae with associated fauna and epiphytic algal flora, small invertebrates, and macroscopic pieces of dead and live animal tissues". It has been shown that C. erythropus individuals select substrates where they can cover large distances, and that globose shells allow them greater mobility than elongate ones.
References[edit source | edit]
- Michael Türkay (2009). "Clibanarius erythropus (Latreille, 1818)". In Patsy McLaughlin. World Paguroidea database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
- E. Wilson (2005). "A hermit crab — Clibanarius erythropus". Marine Life Information Network.
- Chiara Benvenuto, Gianfranco Sartoni and Francesca Gherardi (2003). "Foraging behaviour of the hermit crab Clibanarius erythropus in a Mediterranean shore". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 83 (3): 457–461. doi:10.1017/S0025315403007331h.
- Andrea Z. Botelho & Ana C. Costa (2000). "Shell occupancy of the intertidal hermit crab Clibanarius erythropus (Decapoda, Diogenidae) on São Miguel (Azores)". Hydrobiologia 440 (1/3): 111–117. doi:10.1023/A:1004190220509.
- Chiara Benvenuto & Francesca Gherardi (2001). "Population structure and shell use in the hermit crab, Clibanarius erythropus: a comparison between Mediterranean and Atlantic shores". Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81 (1): 77–84. doi:10.1017/S0025315401003423.
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