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Taxonomic History

Taxonomic history

[Junior primary homonym of Formica picea Culex found in the environs of Nice. Zoological Journal. London 2:289-293. [1825-10]">Leach, 1825 PDF: 292.].
First available replacement name: Formica candida Smith, 1878b PDF: 11; designated by Bolton, 1995b: 201.
Forel, 1914b: 1 (m.).
Junior synonym of Formica gagates: Nylander, 1856b PDF: 65; Smith, 1858a PDF: 6; Dalla Torre, 1893: 198.
Revived from synonymy as subspecies of Formica fusca: Emery, 1909b PDF: 195.
Revived status as species: Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352.
Status as species: Emery, 1916a PDF: 254; Emery, 1925d PDF: 249; Karavaiev, 1929d PDF: 213; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 153; Pisarski, 1975: 42; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 183; Kutter, 1977c: 250; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 186.
Senior synonym of Formica candida: Emery, 1925d PDF: 249; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica glabra White: Donisthorpe, 1918a PDF: 9; Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica transkaucasica: Emery, 1909b PDF: 195; Donisthorpe, 1918a PDF: 9; Karavaiev, 1936: 231; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61; of Formica inplana, Formica lochmatteri, Formica orientalis: Dlussky, 1965: 31; of Formica piceoinplana: Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61.
Material of the following unavailable names referred here: Formica filchneri by Emery, 1909b PDF: 195; Formica piceoorientalis by Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 31; Formica transcaucasicogagates by Formicidae, g. Formica). [In Russian.]. Moskva: Nauka Publishing House, 236 pp. [1967-03-14>]">Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 61.
Returned to valid species with Formica picea as retained name: Formica candida Smith, 1878 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 6:29-38. [2004-12]">Seifert, 2004 PDF: 31.
See also: Radchenko, 2007: 35.

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