The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Anderson, R. 1992. Nematodes Parasites of Vertebrates: Their Development and Transmission. Cambridge: University Press.
  • Bogoyavlenskii, Y. 1982. Structure and Function of the Integuments of Parasitic Nematodes. New Delphi: Amerind Publishing Company.
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Dick, T., L. Graham. unknown. "Rhabdias bufonis" (On-line). WELCOME TO PARASITOLOGY 22.346. Accessed September 28, 2004 at
  • Goater, C., P. Ward. 1992. Negative Effects of Rhabdias bufonis Nematoda on the Growth and Survival of the Toads Bufo-Bufo. Oecologia, 89(2): 161-165.
  • Lee, D., H. Atkinson. 1977. Physiology of Nematodes Second Edition. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy Jr.. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology Sixth Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill.
  • Spieler, M., E. Schierenberg. 1995. On the Development of the Alternating Free-Living and Parasitic Generations of the Nematode Rhabdias bufonis. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 28(3): 193-203.


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