The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Cameron, T. 1956. Parasites and Parsitism. NY: John Wiley and Sons, Inc..
  • Ghaffar, A. 2001. "Cestodes" (On-line). Accessed October 14, 2004 at
  • Lapage, G. 1951. Parasitic Animals. Great Britain: The University Press.
  • Ohio State University, 2001. "Hymenolepis nana (Vampirolepsis nana)" (On-line). Parasites and Parasitological Resources. Accessed October 14, 2004 at
  • Olsen, O. 1974. Animal Parasites, Third Edition. MD: University Park Press.
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy Jr.. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology, Sixth Edition. MA: Mcgraw-Hill Higher Education.


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