Brunsvigia is a genus of flowering plants of the Amaryllidaceae family of the order Asparagales. Several species are known, living in the arid regions of southern Africa. Mature specimens are set on a stem from which several branches extend from the top. Seeds are held at the tips.
When an individual withers and dies in the heat of summer, the stem snaps and the almost spherical remainder rolls around the desert. As the pods knock against obstacles, the round, green seeds are knocked to the ground and germinate immeadiately if in suitable conditions.
In the winter after burial, a quadret of flat, fleshy leaves are the first to emerge from the soil while a large bulb collects water from underground. By spring, the plant is now mature and produces bright pink flowers to attract pollinating insects. The dessicating summer kills the plant and starts the life cycle again.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:15
Specimens with Barcodes:6
Species With Barcodes:8
Brunsvigia are tender bulbs, winter-growing and summer-dormant, generally flowering in early autumn. Their flowers are brilliant scarlet, pink, or red. Species include:
- Brunsvigia appendiculata
- Brunsvigia bosmaniae
- Brunsvigia comptonii
- Brunsvigia grandiflora
- Brunsvigia gregaria
- Brunsvigia herrei
- Brunsvigia josephinae
- Brunsvigia litoralis
- Brunsvigia marginata
- Brunsvigia natalensis
- Brunsvigia orientalis
- Brunsvigia pulchra
- Brunsvigia radula
- Brunsvigia radulosa
- Brunsvigia striata
- Brunsvigia undulata
- R.A. Dyer, 1950: A review of the genus Brunsvigia. Plant Life 6: 63-83
- R.A. Dyer, 1951: A review of the genus Brunsvigia. Plant Life 7: 44-64
- C.A. Smith, 1966: Common names of South African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No. 35. TheGovernment Printer, Pretoria
- R.S. Adamson, T.A. Salter (eds.), 1950: Flora of the Cape Peninsula. Juta, Cape Town and Johannesburg
- J. Manning, P. Goldblatt, 2000: Wild flowers of the fairest Cape. Red Roof Design in association with the Nationalotanical Institute, Cape Town
- E.G. Rice, R.H. Compton, 1950: Wild flowers of the Cape of Good Hope. The Botanical Society of SA, Cape Town
- A. Pauw, S. Johnson, 1999: Table Mountain: a natural history. Fernwood Press
- G.D. Duncan, 2000: Grow bulbs. Kirstenbosch Gardening Series, National Botanical Institute, Cape Town
- G.D. Duncan, 2002: Grow nerines. Kirstenbosch Gardening Series, National Botanical Institute, Cape Town
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