The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arambulo, P. 1997. Public health importance of cystic echinococcus in Latin America. Acta Tropica, 67: 113-124.
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Eckert, J., F. Conraths, K. Tackmann. 2000. Echinococcus: an emerging or re-emerging zoonosis. International Journal for Parasitology, 30: 1283-1294.
  • Kearn, G. 1998. Parasites and the Platyhelminthes. London: Chapman and Hall.
  • Lightowlers, M., A. Flisser, C. Gauci, D. Heath, O. Jensen. 2000. Vaccination against cysticercosis and hyatid disease. Parasitology Today, 16(5): 191-196.
  • Ohio State University, 2001. "Echinococcus granulosus" (On-line). Parasites and parasitological Resources. Accessed October 13, 2004 at
  • Roberts, L., J. Janovy. 2000. Foundations of Parasitology Sixth Edition. New York: McGraw Hill.
  • Wardle, R., J. McLeod, S. Radinovsky. 1974. Advances in the Zoology of Tapeworms, 1950 - 1970. London and Delhi: Oxford University Press.


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