Sicilian green toad

The Sicilian Green Toad (Italian: rospo smeraldino siciliano) is a green toad found only in Sicily.

This toad previously attributed to the Bufo viridis is now recognized as a separate species (Bufo siculus). Recent studies on the Mediterranean populations of Bufo spp. demonstrated that this Sicilian taxon has a distinct mitochondrial haplotype differing in this respect from all other circum-Mediterranean green toad species. It is instead closely related to Bufo boulengeri a North African species of Bufo, from which it separated two million years ago between the Middle Pliocene and the Pleistocene.

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