Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Bulbous plants. Leaves sessile, distichous, strap-shaped and obtuse, arranged in a fan. Scape solid with flowers subtended by 2 free bracts. Flowers with pedicels considerably elongating in fruit, funnel-shaped, with tube shorter than segments. Ovary triquetrous. Capsule with 1 fleshy, spherical seed.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:1
Specimens with Sequences:2
Specimens with Barcodes:2
Species:0
Species With Barcodes:0
Public Records:1
Public Species:
Public BINs:0
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Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:5
Specimens with Sequences:5
Specimens with Barcodes:2
Species:2
Species With Barcodes:2
Public Records:5
Public Species:2
Public BINs:0
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Boophone

Boophone is a genus of herbaceous, perennial and bulbous plants in the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae[2]). It consists of two species distributed in Tropical and Southern Africa. It is closely related to Crossyne, a genus whose species have prostrate leaves.[3]

Contents

Species

The list of Boophone species, with their complete scientific name, authority, amd geographic distribution is given below.[4]

Medicinal uses

Boophone disticha is used in South African traditional medicine by the Zulus to induce hallucinations for divinatory purposes, and also as a medicine to treat mental illness.[5] The bulb extract has shown potential in vitro and in vivo effect against depression,[6] possibly caused by a mixture of Boophone alkaloids.[7][8]

Etymology

William Herbert wrote the name of this genus with three different orthographies: "Boophane" in 1821; "Buphane" and Buphone" in 1825, and he conserved "Boophone" in 1837. Several authors since then speculated about the etymology and associated orthography of each name, but a proposal was published in 2001[9] to conserve the first name and to take the later ones as synonyms. This proposal was accepted in 2002.[10]

References

  1. ^ Appendix: 18 (1821).
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Amaryllidoideae, http://www.mobot.org/mobot/research/apweb/orders/asparagalesweb.htm#AllAma 
  3. ^ Vigneron, P. (2000-2006). Boophone "Boophone". Amaryllidaceae organization. http://www.amaryllidaceae.org/Boophone/index.htm Boophone. Retrieved 2009-05-26. 
  4. ^ Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. World Checklist of Monocotyledons: Boophone . Accessed May 16, 2009.
  5. ^ Stafford GI, Pedersen ME, van Staden J, Jäger AK (2008). "Review on plants with CNS-effects used in traditional South African medicine against mental diseases". J Ethnopharmacol 119 (3): 513–37. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2008.08.010. PMID 18775771. 
  6. ^ Pedersen ME, Szewczyk B, Stachowicz K, Wieronska J, Andersen J, Stafford GI, van Staden J, Pilc A, Jäger AK (2008). "Effects of South African traditional medicine in animal models for depression.". J Ethnopharmacol 119 (3): 542–8. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2008.08.030. PMID 18809486. 
  7. ^ Sandager M, Nielsen ND, Stafford GI, van Staden J, Jäger AK (2005). "Alkaloids from Boophane disticha with affinity to the serotonin transporter in rat brain.". J Ethnopharmacol 98 (3): 367–70. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2005.01.037. PMID 15814274. 
  8. ^ Neergaard J, Andersen J, Pedersen ME, Stafford GI, van Staden J, Jäger AK (2009). "Alkaloids from Boophone disticha with affinity to the serotonin transporter". S Afr J Botany 72 (2): 371–4. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.02.173. 
  9. ^ R. H. Archer, R. K. Brummitt, D. A. Snijman. 2001. Proposal to conserve the name Boophone Herbert with that spelling (Amaryllidaceae) Taxon, ISSN 0040-0262, Vol. 50, Nº 2, pags. 569-572.
  10. ^ Richard K. Brummitt. 2002. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 53. Taxon, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Nov., 2002), pp. 795-799.
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