Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:3373
Specimens with Sequences:4202
Specimens with Barcodes:2018
Species:249
Species With Barcodes:211
Public Records:482
Public Species:70
Public BINs:125
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Wikipedia

Craugastoridae

The Craugastoridae are a family of New World direct-developing frogs. As delineated here, following the list of amphibians, it is a large family containing 727 species.[1] However, the taxonomy of these frogs is not yet settled,[2][3] and other sources may treat the subfamily Strabomantinae as a family, Strabomantidae,[3][4][5] with correspondingly smaller Craugastoridae.[3][6][7]

With the possible exception of Craugastor laticeps that may be ovoviviparous,[8] craugastorid frogs have direct development: no free-living tadpole stage is known; instead, eggs develop directly into small froglets.[9]

Subfamilies and genera[edit]

The following taxonomy is adopted by the Amphibian Species of the World in early 2014:[1]

Genera not placed in a subfamily[edit]

Subfamilies[edit]

  • Craugastorinae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (116 spp.)
    • Craugastor Cope, 1862 (113 spp.)
    • Haddadus Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (three spp.)
  • Holoadeninae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (50 spp.)
  • Pristimantinae Ohler and Dubois, 2012 (526 spp.)
    • Lynchius Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (four spp.)
    • Oreobates Jiménez de la Espada, 1872 (22 spp.)
    • Phrynopus Peters, 1873 (25 spp.)
    • Pristimantis Jiménez de la Espada, 1870 (470 spp.)
    • Yunganastes Padial, Castroviejo-Fisher, Köhler, Domic, and De la Riva, 2007 (five spp.)
  • Strabomantinae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008 (16 spp.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman, and Heinicke, 2008". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  2. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Higher taxonomy and progress". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Blackburn, D.C.; Wake, D.B. (2011). "Class Amphibia Gray, 1825. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness". Zootaxa 3148: 39–55. 
  4. ^ "Strabomantidae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  5. ^ "Strabomantidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  6. ^ "Craugastoridae Hedges, Duellman and Heinicke, 2008". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ "Craugastoridae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  8. ^ McCranie, J.R., M.H. Wake, L. Valdés Orellana (2013). "Craugastor laticeps. Possible ovoviviparity". Herpetological Review 44 (4): 653–654. 
  9. ^ Hedges, S. B., Duellman, W. E., and Heinicke, M. P (2008). "New World direct-developing frogs (Anura: Terrarana): Molecular phylogeny, classification, biogeography, and conservation". Zootaxa 1737: 1–182. 
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