Articles on this page are available in 1 other language: Spanish (1) (learn more)

Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Anthurium

Terrestrial or epiphytic herbs, erect or rarely climbing by means of adventitious roots; stems fleshy, elongate or very reduced. Leaves alternate, simple or digitate; petioles elongate, covered by a cataphyll in the juvenile stages. Spathe usually chartaceous, reflexed, usually perennial, green, white, pink, or red; spadix sessile or short-stipitate, cylindrical or conical, with numerous flowers from the apex to the base. Flowers bisexual, sessile; tepals 4; stamens 4; ovary bilocular, with 1 or 2 pendulous ovules per locule, the style short or absent, the stigma discoid or lobate. Fruit a bilocular berry, fleshy, red, white, or violet. Seeds oblong. A neotropical genus of about 700 species.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / sap sucker
Aulacorthum circumflexum sucks sap of live, distorted stem of Anthurium

Foodplant / sap sucker
Pseudococcus sucks sap of live green part of Anthurium

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:57Public Records:38
Specimens with Sequences:45Public Species:11
Specimens with Barcodes:45Public BINs:0
Species:15         
Species With Barcodes:14         
          
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Anthurium

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Anthurium

Anthurium (/ænˈθjriəm/;[1] Schott, 1829), is a genus of about 1000[2][3] species of flowering plants, the largest genus of the arum family, Araceae.[2] General common names include anthurium, tailflower, flamingo flower,[4] and laceleaf.[5]

The genus is native to the Americas, where it is distributed from northern Mexico to northern Argentina and parts of the Caribbean.[6]

Description and biology[edit]

Anthurium is a genus of herbs often growing as epiphytes on other plants. Some are terrestrial. The leaves are often clustered and are variable in shape. The inflorescence bears small flowers which are perfect, containing male and female structures. The flowers are contained in dense spirals on the spadix. The spadix is often elongated into a spike shape, but it can be globe-shaped or club-shaped. Beneath the spadix is the spathe, a type of bract. This is variable in shape, as well, but it is lance-shaped in many species. It may extend out flat or in a curve. Sometimes it covers the spadix like a hood. The fruits develop from the flowers on the spadix. They are juicy berries varying in color, usually containing two seeds.[7]

The spadix and spathe are a main focus of Anthuirium breeders, who develop cultivars in bright colors and unique shapes. Anthurium scherzerianum and A. andraeanum, two of the most common taxa in cultivation, are the only species that grow bright red spathes. They have also been bred to produce spathes in many other colors and patterns.[8]

Anthurium plants are poisonous due to calcium oxalate crystals. The sap is irritating to the skin and eyes.[4]

Cultivation[edit]

Like other aroids, many species of Anthurium can be grown as houseplants, or outdoors in mild climates in shady spots. They include forms such as A. crystallinum f peltifolium with its large, velvety, dark green leaves and silvery white venation. Many hybrids are derived from A. andreanum or A. scherzerianum because of their colorful spathes. They thrive in moist soils with high organic matter. In milder climates the plants can be grown in pots of soil. Indoors plants thrive at temperatures between 16°C-22°C (60°F-72°F) and at lower light than other house plants. Wiping the leaves off with water will remove any dust and insects. Plant in pots with good root systems will benefit from a weak fertilizer solution every other week. In the case of vining or climbing Anthuriums, the plants benefit from being provided with a totem to climb.

Propagation[edit]

Anthurium can be propagated by seed or vegetatively by cuttings. In the commercial Anthurium trade, most propagation is via tissue culture.[9]

Species[edit]

For a full list, see the List of Anthurium species.

In 1860 there were 183 species known to science, and Heinrich Wilhelm Schott defined them in 28 sections in the book Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum.[10] In 1905 the genus was revised with a description of 18 sections.[11] In 1983 the genus was divided into the following sections:[12]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
  2. ^ a b Mantovani, A. and T. E. Pereira. (2005). Anthurium (section Urospadix; subsection Flavescentiviridia). Rodriguesia 56(88), 145-60.
  3. ^ Haigh, A. Araceae. Neotropical Araceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  4. ^ a b Anthurium spp. Poisonous Plants of North Carolina. North Carolina State University.
  5. ^ Anthurium. ITIS.
  6. ^ Croat, T. (1983). A revision of the genus Anthurium (Araceae) of Mexico and Central America. Part 1: Mexico and Middle America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 211-417.
  7. ^ Croat, T. B. Anthurium description. aroid.org
  8. ^ Anthurium scherzerianum (flamingo flower). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  9. ^ Chen, J., et al. Cultural guidelines for commercial production of interiorscape Anthurium. ENH956. Environmental Horticulture. Florida Cooperative Extension Service. University of Florida IFAS. Published 2003, revised 2009.
  10. ^ Schott, H. W. Prodromus Systematis Aroidearum. Wien. 1860.
  11. ^ Engler, A. (1905). Araceae-Pothoideae. Das Pflanzenreich IV. 23B, Heft 21, pp. 1–330.
  12. ^ Sections of Anthurium. aroid.org

Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Unreviewed

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!